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Lecture

Lecture on Judaism-October 14th

4 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG100Y1
Professor
Andre Maintenay

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October 14th
JUDAISM:
- middle ages
o BCE: Before the Common Era
o CE: Common Era
- Jewish people were affected by Christianity and Islam
- Jews on the whole were not convinced by Christian teachings
- PAUL ± made many changes ± shaped by the energies and the decisions made by Paul
o Instrument in concluding that to be Christian \RXGRQ¶WKDYHWREH-HZLVKIROORZ
Jewish laws)
o Tension grew when Christianity become the state religion
o As Christianity became more powerful (convert Jewish communities) Jewish just
stiffened; relationship conflicted and sometimes even brought on violence
o Jews considered culturally and religiously leader and allies of the Muslims from
the very beginning of Islam ± appreciation of Jewish laws (persisted through
Muslim history)
- 10th and 11th centuries, Jews move away from land controlled by Turks into Spain
- MOORS ± controlled Spain at the time
- Muslims, Christians and Jews were in intellectual discourse under the Moors
- Moses Maimonides ± born in Spain ± no dichotomy
o Reason can only take you so far and the gaps are to be filled by religious
revelation
o Set up a creed of what it means to be a Jew
- 5HODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQ-HZVDQG&KULVWLDQVYDU\RQZKR¶VLQOHDGHUVKLS"
- During the time of Crusades ± 10th to 14th centuries ± Christians as a whole were
encouraged to take their Christian identity seriously and mission to oust Muslims from
Jerusalem
- -HZVKDGUHSXWDWLRQRIEHLQJ³&KULVW-.LOOHUV´
- Often not allowed to socialize with the mainstream society, so had to stay to themselves
(confined to GHETTOS ± walled communities) ± great deal of suspicion regarding what
the Jews were doing
- 13th century ± the Bubonic plague ± 1/3 of Europe was killed
o Jewish suffered less casualties than Christian community ± Blamed Jewish for the
plague
- as a result of the rising hostility of Jews ± therefore, Jews were ousted from Spain (14th
century) when Moors gave way to Catholics
- moved eastward into the Middle East (Palestine)
- Developed distinct cultural flavour
- SEPHARDIC/SEPHARDIM
o Huge cultural group of Judaism
o Language: Mixture of Spanish and Hebrew
- Other communites moved eastward and northward ± they developed a distinct culture of their
own ± ASHKKENAZI
o Language ± combination of Hebrew, German, Hungarian, Polish ± YIDDISH
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Description
October 14 th JUDAISM: - middle ages o BCE: Before the Common Era o CE: Common Era - Jewish people were affected by Christianity and Islam - Jews on the whole were not convinced by Christian teachings - PAUL made many changes shaped by the energies and the decisions made by Paul o Instrument in concluding that to be Christian 4:439K,;094-0-0ZL8K 14OO4Z Jewish laws) o Tension grew when Christianity become the state religion o As Christianity became more powerful (convert Jewish communities) Jewish just stiffened; relationship conflicted and sometimes even brought on violence o Jews considered culturally and religiously leader and allies of the Muslims from the very beginning of Islam appreciation of Jewish laws (persisted through Muslim history) - 10 and 11 centuries, Jews move away from land controlled by Turks into Spain - MOORS controlled Spain at the time - Muslims, Christians and Jews were in intellectual discourse under the Moors - Moses Maimonides born in Spain no dichotomy o Reason can only take you so far and the gaps are to be filled by religious revelation o Set up a creed of what it means to be a Jew - #0O,9L438KL5-09Z003-0Z8,3K7L89th38;,7th43ZK48L3O0,078KL5 - During the time of Crusades 10 to 14 centuries Christians as a whole were encouraged to take their Christian identity seriously and mission to oust Muslims from Jerusalem - -0Z8K,705:9,9L4341-0L3JK7L89-.LOO078 - Often not allowed to socialize with the mainstream society, so had to stay to themselves (confined to GHETTOS walled communities) great deal of suspicion regarding what the Jews were doing - 13 century the Bubonic plague 13 of Europe was killed o Jewish suffered less casualties than Christian community Blamed Jewish for the plague th - as a result of the rising hostility of Jews therefore, Jews were ousted from Spain (14 century) when Moors gave way to Catholics - moved eastward into the Middle East (Palestine) - Developed distinct cultural flavour - SEPHARDICSEPHARDIM o Huge cultural group of Judaism o Language: Mixture of Spanish and Hebrew - Other communites moved eastward and northward they developed a distinct culture of their own ASHKKENAZI o Language combination of Hebrew, German, Hungarian, Polish YIDDISH www.notesolution.com
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