Lecture on Judaism-October 14th

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5 Aug 2010
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October 14th
JUDAISM:
- middle ages
o BCE: Before the Common Era
o CE: Common Era
- Jewish people were affected by Christianity and Islam
- Jews on the whole were not convinced by Christian teachings
- PAUL ± made many changes ± shaped by the energies and the decisions made by Paul
o Instrument in concluding that to be Christian \RXGRQ¶WKDYHWREH-HZLVKIROORZ
Jewish laws)
o Tension grew when Christianity become the state religion
o As Christianity became more powerful (convert Jewish communities) Jewish just
stiffened; relationship conflicted and sometimes even brought on violence
o Jews considered culturally and religiously leader and allies of the Muslims from
the very beginning of Islam ± appreciation of Jewish laws (persisted through
Muslim history)
- 10th and 11th centuries, Jews move away from land controlled by Turks into Spain
- MOORS ± controlled Spain at the time
- Muslims, Christians and Jews were in intellectual discourse under the Moors
- Moses Maimonides ± born in Spain ± no dichotomy
o Reason can only take you so far and the gaps are to be filled by religious
revelation
o Set up a creed of what it means to be a Jew
- 5HODWLRQVKLSEHWZHHQ-HZVDQG&KULVWLDQVYDU\RQZKR¶VLQOHDGHUVKLS"
- During the time of Crusades ± 10th to 14th centuries ± Christians as a whole were
encouraged to take their Christian identity seriously and mission to oust Muslims from
Jerusalem
- -HZVKDGUHSXWDWLRQRIEHLQJ³&KULVW-.LOOHUV´
- Often not allowed to socialize with the mainstream society, so had to stay to themselves
(confined to GHETTOS ± walled communities) ± great deal of suspicion regarding what
the Jews were doing
- 13th century ± the Bubonic plague ± 1/3 of Europe was killed
o Jewish suffered less casualties than Christian community ± Blamed Jewish for the
plague
- as a result of the rising hostility of Jews ± therefore, Jews were ousted from Spain (14th
century) when Moors gave way to Catholics
- moved eastward into the Middle East (Palestine)
- Developed distinct cultural flavour
- SEPHARDIC/SEPHARDIM
o Huge cultural group of Judaism
o Language: Mixture of Spanish and Hebrew
- Other communites moved eastward and northward ± they developed a distinct culture of their
own ± ASHKKENAZI
o Language ± combination of Hebrew, German, Hungarian, Polish ± YIDDISH
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