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Lecture Note for Jan 20th

School of Environment
Course Code
Jack Parkinson

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January 20th
Overview of Lecture:
Sustainable Development - achieve it, sustainable consumption: growing movement known as
voluntary simplicity.
Tragedy of the Common: motivate a global response.
If we lower our population there would still be a time lag.
Sustainable Development: it ties up economic growth and decisions, advanced about how
decisions are made in our economic
Dilemma around Sustainable Development: global economic growth, everyone in the community
get out of poverty, see some sort of economic growth.
Wants the international community to have a broadly-based participation, that causes a problem,
different radical social theories on how it should work, do this by consensus.
We should leavate property.
Sustainable Consumption: moving away from over consumption, using services and resources for
basic needs only. Eliminate consumption over population.
The poor will need to increase consumption in order to increase there basic needs, we will require
lifestyle changes if we want to spread the resources around.
Growing movement of voluntary simplicity: marketers are a happiness of material good but
maybe not so.
How should you live your lifestyle?material (goods) wealth not required for happiness.
Values and character are more important.
Think about how you can make changes, e.g. do you need another pair of shoes?
Help spread the equity of resources all around.
Steady State Economy: West assumption of consumption of growth.
Growth is dependant on natural resources.
Does this sound Sustainable? None renewable resources are being depleted and used rapidly, the
environment is being polluted and the human population is increasing = global environmental
issues e.g. Oceans are being threatened, ozone depletion. We need a global response to these
Tragedy of the Commons (p. 34) : if you own the resource you have much more respect for it.
(Global Problems today)
Human Population Dynamics (Chapter 3): population ecology = biodiversity, branch of biology
which is a study of population. How individuals respond to the environment.
How do populations change over time?
On a global scale it is depended on 2 factors:
a) Birth rate (-)
b) Death rate
= Growth Rate
Local Scale: experience changes beyond birth and death rate.
Of Dispersal, move into a area because it so attractive, Immigration (I)
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