Sociology- Lecture 5
How did ordinary Germans commit such crimes, (genocide)
-Norms of solidarity demand conformity. (Wanting to please the group and not
thinking about whether the action is good or bad).
The soldiers going around killing did not hate the people they were killing, but
became to their comrades and so did not want to lose the friendships.
In jobs, people rarely report crimes committed by corporations so they don’t get
fired, and not let down their co-workers.
Polish Christians that were protecting polish Jews, nothing to do with religion,
education, political preference but one thing in common, they were poorly socialize
the norms of their groups, they were non conformist did not automatically accept
group opinions, and were freer to act in ways they thought was morally right.
-Structures of authority tend to render people obedient.
People find it difficult to disobey authority because they fear humiliation,
Example: Milgram’s experiment (shock) – inclined to obey authority, here guy with a
-Bureaucracies in particular are highly effective structures of authority.
Good at getting people to obey authority.
Ex: in countries where anti-Semite very high, moins de juifs tuer, alors qu’en
Hollande ou il y a l’antisemite est presque invisible tx de mortalite des juifs :
haute parce que efficiency higher than others.
Family: social groups
Primary groups: family, gangs
Norms, rules and statues are agreed upon but not in writing
Secondary group: bureaucracy, larger, more impersonal, weaker ties, no strong
emotional bonds, and narrow range of activities, a specific function, ex: class of
sociology, and function learn sociology.
Ex: cards with the lines. People usually follow the majority even if they know that it
is wrong. Easy for group pressure to influence you, make you make choices whether
it is wrong or not. Factors of the likelihood of conformity
- Increases as group size increases.
- Cohesive groups, the more cohesive they are, the more conformity there is,
ex: families more likely of conformity then a lecture class.
- Social status of individuals, people that have low status are less likely to
conform to people with higher status.
- Culture matter: sacrificing for the good of the group
- Appearance of unanimity