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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 Notes

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Lecture 9: Crime and Punishment
-Crime; break rules/laws, sanctions are attached that requires the state
-Funnel Process : (more to less) Crime->investigation->arrest->trial->conviction
-3 questions by Sociologists:a. why commit crime, relation to inequality?
b. what is defined crime
c. why are some more likely to be labelled devi ant
Two Theories:
1. Merton s Deviance: Study Mertons graph.
C.G: Accept; Means; Accept____Conformist
C.G: Accept; Means; Reject_____Innovation
C.G: Reject; Means; Accept____ Ritualist
C.G: Reject; Means; Reject_____Retreatist
oCultural Goals: accept, Means: Reject -> leads to innovative adaptations to anomie
oDoesnt explain: poor young ppl commit crimes, in N.A more than elsewhere, rich crimes
or crime for sur vival (rather than possessions)
2. Mean Streets (Hagan/McCarthy); young ppl forced into crime by family situation
a.Abuse, low income: -> they lack social/economic capital; they develop criminal
capital (knowledge/technical skills for crime) to survive.
-Crime is the only option these ppl have left under their circumstance; what about white-collar
-White Collar Crime (Sutherland); cor porate/white collar crime is organized, less studied, less
-Punishment Goals:
2.Deterrence; scared them away (what the Canadian system is based on)
3.Rehab, reintegrate to society
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