Lecture 9: Crime and Punishment
-Crime; break rules/laws, sanctions are attached that requires the state
-Funnel Process : (more to less) Crime->investigation->arrest->trial->conviction
-3 questions by Sociologists:a. why commit crime, relation to inequality?
b. what is defined crime
c. why are some more likely to be labelled devi ant
1. Merton ’s Deviance: Study Merton’s graph.
C.G: Accept; Means; Accept____Conformist
C.G: Accept; Means; Reject_____Innovation
C.G: Reject; Means; Accept____ Ritualist
C.G: Reject; Means; Reject_____Retreatist
oCultural Goals: accept, Means: Reject -> leads to innovative ‘adaptations to anomie’
oDoesn’t explain: poor young ppl commit crimes, in N.A more than elsewhere, rich crimes
or crime for sur vival (rather than possessions)
2. Mean Streets (Hagan/McCarthy); young ppl forced into crime by family situation
a.Abuse, low income: -> they lack social/economic capital; they develop ‘criminal
capital’ (knowledge/technical skills for crime) to survive.
-Crime is the only option these ppl have left under their circumstance; what about white-collar
-White Collar Crime (Sutherland); cor porate/white collar crime is organized, less studied, less
2.Deterrence; scared them away (what the Canadian system is based on)
3.Rehab, reintegrate to society
Crime; break rules/laws, sanctions are attached that requires the state. 3 questions by sociologists: why commit crime, relation to inequality, what is defined crime, why are some more likely to be labelled deviant. White collar crime (sutherland); corporate/white collar crime is organized, less studied, less punished. Punishment goals: retribution/vengeance, deterrence; scared them away (what the canadian system is based on, rehab, reintegrate to society www. notesolution. com, restorative justice. Incapacitation, if they are considered threat to society. Repressive justice: death penalty, corporal punishment, torture: very rare today. Durkheim (division of labour in society); in industrial societies, repressive -> restorative justice. Foucalt (discipline and punishment); punishment was a spectable; inhuman & didn"t lessen crime. Old style of punishment: deterrence/rehab and lots of body discipline, new style: surveillance (panopticon idea) Goffman" s total institutions; disciplinary institutions that attack the prisoner"s self-concept. ; prisons only make immates better prisoners, it prepares them better for life inside it than in the outside world.