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Lecture 3

Soc 201 lecture 3 sept 24.docx

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Lecture 3 Soc 201 lecture 3 Sept 24 (Women washroom: 4000 password)  Consider the following: o Alienation has individual and social dimensions o Individual alienation denotes estrangement from the self in its creative potentiality o Social alienation denotes estrangement from other people o The two are not necessarily linked: individual creativity can co-exist with social alienation (example: cultural production in big cities such as New York, London, Los Angeles o Hence, Marx is wrong to assume that the end of alienation requires the end of capitalism  Alienation has 4 dimensions (mc question) o Marx: individualistic aspect, social aspect ( distance and estrangement between different people)  Karl Marx: The German ideology (1845-46) o 1. The premise of historical materialism  Historical materialism ( approach of Karl Marx): marx engaged in an argument that history is explained by ideas. As a whole tradition by looking at ideas. In order to survive, we need to meet basic needs and accessibilities  Common sense seems uncontroversial  Marx believes the truth because it is essentential o 2. Implication for studying society: how society produces is fundamental  Fundamental for Marx is class, opportunity of chances and what kind of people make these chances o 3. Division of labor, example from Adam Smith, The wealth of Nations (1776)  Hunter and gatherer society  Labor becomes increasingly complex o 4. Division of labor, consequences according to Marx  Work becomes alienated  Tasks become mindless  Should be something fulfilling  Unequal distribution of the products of labor  Capitalist system is a system that the gap will keep increasing under capitalism  Increasing gap between owning property and not owning properties  Marx also believes in a hunter and gather society, there is already a simple division of labor. gender differentiation of work  To hold exportation in place  Karl Marx: “in the social production which men carry on they enter into definite relations that are indispensable and independent of their will: these relations of production correspond to a finite stage of development of their material powers of production. The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of reality- the real foundation, on which legal and political superstructures arise and to which definite forms of social consciousness correspond. The mode of production of material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life…”  Idea shape conditions of why people do what they do  Marx: who they are arguing against, argue against those that are ideas that are driving history, following beliefs and
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