1/23/2012 7:44:00 PM
Touching upon last week:
Seneca: letter written to his mother when he being exiled, not being
committed to suicide
-point made to distinguish btwn migration and imperialism: exploitation
btwn the newcomer and the native
NEO IMPERIALISM: a term often used to refer to the relations btwn the
US and countries that are less developed in the post war period. Not
transparently imperialistic, but nonetheless there are some forms of
exploitation that are apparent in these relationships.
Prof. Veugelers discusses Neo-Imperialism b/c: The debate that Marx opens
up when talking about the British presence in India is not closed.
Status can be looked at hierarchically but also in another way discussed by
Weber in next week‟s reading: social closure
WEBER: Class, Status, Party
Sisters of the American _____
Association as a source of social closure- the history of being in the country
for a long time is a source of honour.
- the insiders that want to keep other ppl outside will think of ppl outside as
stigmatized, dirty, undistinguished, undesirable. Weber will make this
distinction using examples of marriage.
-a young man from a good family
-race and ethnicity are a source of status
-sickness, eg the stigma of having aids
-When looking at Weber, try to understand the circumstances in which
prestige could mean a lot in society.
Max Weber’s Def of Power
-there‟s always some time of negotiation in power claims
“In general, we understand by „power‟ the chance of a man or of a number
of men to realize their own will in a communal action even against the
resistance of others who are not participating in the action.” (pg 95)
Group vs category: in social group, ppl are aware of their membership- face to face interaction
-men in Canada= social category
-e.g. women‟s bookstore is a group
pg 96-98 in Weber‟s text
-class is snot necessarily community, the difference is awareness and
-by the end of this article, you should be aware of
hint: sociologically, to have power over others is to have power over
resources or desirable goods
-what particular resources give class power as opposed to status as opposed
to political power
-diff resources give diff types of power
-Weber aggress w. Marx but he also goes further
-***What beyond Marx‟s class concept does Weber take into account when
explaining class power?
1)More to inequality than class- status is not reducible to class
differences, status is not reducible to political power. NOT
he does believe that one can translate into the other but not always
and not always on a one to one basis
Party: Not only political parties. In general, he refers to ppl who group
together for political or ___ effort. Ppl who group together to achieve power.
(e.g. factional struggle in ancient Greece in terms of leaders and follower
-also refers to the French revolution)
1) Two premises of Marx‟s approach:
A) Humans have essential needs
o Why is he so obsessed with class? People first of all, have to
meet essential needs
B) These needs are satisfied by entering into predetermined social
relation o What does social structure means to you?
An enduring pattern of social interactions (e.g. the
family, there are certain understandings of how
individuals should behave)
A contract that defines rules for people
Systems of hierarchies
o ANTHONY GIDDENS: Social structure refers to patterns of
constraint and opportunity (this is a Durkheimian way of
Thinking of society as things that can be mapped.
Where ppl are located on that map gives them certain
access to good and bad things
Durkheim in terms of suicide maps degrees of solidarity
o Marx is saying that social structures are important to how
ppl‟s needs are met.
o Eg. Someone in a hunter gatherer society cannot be a gold
o People are first of all driven to meet essential needs- this
doesn‟t only work on an individual level, but also on a societal
o The law, ideology, the political system were al there to prop
up the economic system of capitalism
BASICALLY: if you don‟t own means of production, you have to sell
your labour to meet your basic needs
2) What are these social relations?
The mode of production
Forces of Production:
o Nature (raw materials, energy)
o Instruments of production (tools, machines)
o Labour (producers organised to cooperate)
o Technical knowledge
Relations of Production: o Which class controls the forces of production?
MODE OF PRODUCTION= FORCES OF PRODUCTION +
RELATIONS OF PRODCUTION
Modes of production: types
o Primitive communism
o Ancient society
o Asiatic mode of production
Capitalism is a system which impels people to act in an individualistic way
and it naturalizes the system and makes it seems that it fits in with our
Marx says there is no fixed human nature. If human nature seems to be
greedy, it is only because capitalism