Class Notes (807,944)
Canada (492,936)
Sociology (3,199)
SOC203H1 (77)

Jan 23.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George

1/23/2012 7:44:00 PM Touching upon last week: Seneca: letter written to his mother when he being exiled, not being committed to suicide -point made to distinguish btwn migration and imperialism: exploitation btwn the newcomer and the native NEO IMPERIALISM: a term often used to refer to the relations btwn the US and countries that are less developed in the post war period. Not transparently imperialistic, but nonetheless there are some forms of exploitation that are apparent in these relationships. Prof. Veugelers discusses Neo-Imperialism b/c: The debate that Marx opens up when talking about the British presence in India is not closed. Status can be looked at hierarchically but also in another way discussed by Weber in next week‟s reading: social closure WEBER: Class, Status, Party Sisters of the American _____ Association as a source of social closure- the history of being in the country for a long time is a source of honour. - the insiders that want to keep other ppl outside will think of ppl outside as stigmatized, dirty, undistinguished, undesirable. Weber will make this distinction using examples of marriage. -a young man from a good family -race and ethnicity are a source of status -sickness, eg the stigma of having aids -When looking at Weber, try to understand the circumstances in which prestige could mean a lot in society. Max Weber’s Def of Power -there‟s always some time of negotiation in power claims “In general, we understand by „power‟ the chance of a man or of a number of men to realize their own will in a communal action even against the resistance of others who are not participating in the action.” (pg 95) Group vs category: in social group, ppl are aware of their membership- face to face interaction -men in Canada= social category -e.g. women‟s bookstore is a group pg 96-98 in Weber‟s text -class is snot necessarily community, the difference is awareness and interaction -by the end of this article, you should be aware of hint: sociologically, to have power over others is to have power over resources or desirable goods -what particular resources give class power as opposed to status as opposed to political power -diff resources give diff types of power -Weber aggress w. Marx but he also goes further -***What beyond Marx‟s class concept does Weber take into account when explaining class power?  1)More to inequality than class- status is not reducible to class differences, status is not reducible to political power. NOT NTERCHANGABLE  he does believe that one can translate into the other but not always and not always on a one to one basis Party: Not only political parties. In general, he refers to ppl who group together for political or ___ effort. Ppl who group together to achieve power. (e.g. factional struggle in ancient Greece in terms of leaders and follower -also refers to the French revolution) Marx: CAPITALISM 1) Two premises of Marx‟s approach:  A) Humans have essential needs o Why is he so obsessed with class? People first of all, have to meet essential needs  B) These needs are satisfied by entering into predetermined social relation o What does social structure means to you?  An enduring pattern of social interactions (e.g. the family, there are certain understandings of how individuals should behave)  Collective  A contract that defines rules for people  Systems of hierarchies o ANTHONY GIDDENS: Social structure refers to patterns of constraint and opportunity (this is a Durkheimian way of thinking)  Thinking of society as things that can be mapped. Where ppl are located on that map gives them certain access to good and bad things  Durkheim in terms of suicide maps degrees of solidarity o Marx is saying that social structures are important to how ppl‟s needs are met. o Eg. Someone in a hunter gatherer society cannot be a gold miner o People are first of all driven to meet essential needs- this doesn‟t only work on an individual level, but also on a societal level o The law, ideology, the political system were al there to prop up the economic system of capitalism  BASICALLY: if you don‟t own means of production, you have to sell your labour to meet your basic needs 2) What are these social relations? The mode of production  Forces of Production: o Nature (raw materials, energy) o Instruments of production (tools, machines) o Labour (producers organised to cooperate) o Technical knowledge  Relations of Production: o Which class controls the forces of production?  MODE OF PRODUCTION= FORCES OF PRODUCTION + RELATIONS OF PRODCUTION  Modes of production: types o Primitive communism o Ancient society o Asiatic mode of production o Feudalism o Capitalism Capitalism is a system which impels people to act in an individualistic way and it naturalizes the system and makes it seems that it fits in with our human nature. Marx says there is no fixed human nature. If human nature seems to be greedy, it is only because capitalism
More Less

Related notes for SOC203H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.