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SOC388 LEC 2.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
Vanina Leschziner

SOC388H1 LECTURE 2 - Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)-Individual-societyrelationship-Functionalism- Organismic metaphor- Soci- ety- Social fact- Collective consciousness- Solidarity organic, mechanical Individual Society Categories for Perception? Social Facts? Organistic--? Durkheim 1858-1917--> Collective Consciousness (a real thing for Durkheim) It gets transferred from one generation to another, shared ideas and beliefs that we have in common with other people in our group, independent of individual minds Links us together in a group and in generations, idea is reproduced In some societies it is more important than others (older more common) Collective Consiousness is highest Moral force for Durkheim Mechanical Solidarity - simpler agricultural societies, little differentiation in older societies - people moving together because of similar solidarities - common in older societies Organic Solidarity - societies that develop with division of labour and industrialism - much more differentiation - what keeps them together is interdependence because we have different specializa- tions - proportion of collective consciousness decreases, differentiation brings individual ideas and minds Individual and Collective consciousness work together and co-exist Durkhiem thought because they are linked it creates Solgeneris, a nature of its own kind Why is crime so important for Durkheim? - crime performs an important function to show consequences and punishment - function of punishment, reinforces social order SOC388H1 LECTURE 2 Durkheim, Division of Labour Durkheim, 1912 Book on anthropological themes, kinds of things that shape our thinking and perception - In the book he studied religion, supernatural and other beliefs were similar - Religion for him, primitive religions were simple to study to think about categories that shape thinking, perception - Religion has to be present in every single person - Totamism--> object represented the society as whole, so society worshipped itself - Totam represents the God and the clan itself because society is organized around the totam such as ideas, beliefs of what totam r
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