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Lecture 3

SOC396H1 Lecture 3: Lec 3 soc imagination

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University of Toronto St. George

Short answers /definition / what Mills social imagination is about Thrown into the world (rider’s song) what is the ontological point in there (we are always arriving at the scene rather that being the author of it) ***Goffman not on quiz interaction order Lecture: Points of departure – basic ontology What is humanity ( what type of soc science we are going to build )  Being in the world ( being in time ) taking it from anistien he introduced the space time infusion he is building the anthology in a fundamental way -binding temporal  H builds temporality humans live in 3 dimensions we carry our past with us but not all the past because we select our past we tend to retain – human not only creature in the present and we also don’t only live in the present we project ourselves into future  Disqualification for any social sic that start from individual and tries to dev  Humans disgarded many types of history ( why many soc and not just one) ? there has to be else there is continuous didactical =human react to env and it feedback to the structural forces  Can’t understand human condition without history and every thing about history is transformation  Soc it self is transformative every social fact is historical and every historical event is social 3)Praxis: instantiates a dialectic of structure and agency Human action is not behaviour- mead - we act with ideas in mind Praxis is a temporal totalization a fusing of 3 term frames of past, future in a continuously moving present The social present is always temporally layered: past, present future human actors. Subjects: always conditioned, never determined But the naturalistic attitude of of the actor is only dimly or partially aware of the presenece of the past ie lived exp does not capture the totality were are prone to living in the moment , and ahistorical succession …kosick’s pseudo-concrete, the reified world of everyday consciousness and practice cf,bacon’s idola mentis Lukacs: anthropos is simultaneously the subject and object of the socio-historical process - Socialization convince you this is the way things are (naturalistic att is taken for granted and we don’t look behind what created the world and why is it the way it is ) - Human’s are less aware of and less critical of social surroundings - Socialization train us not to be critical and the way things are ( this is the way our ancestor were) - Mills in time of crisis human have vague perception - Kosic the world we exp is falls reality and it is not the full pic we think of it as fully real but is is pseudo concrete - Bacon various idls that are part of our perception and the way we think – we live is reality we have this perception but infact they are historically and socially created Structure= the material , cultural and relational sedimentations of the past collective agency, which crystallize as institution, roles, hierarchies, traditions worldviews resources etc… And which provide the ground/means for ongoing and future agency - What humans created in past is stuc – present objectifications what came out of human agency Agency: a set of biologically and historically bequeathed capabilities, aptitudes despositions,etc . as reflexive, conscious subject, we form projects of being and doing, as framed and enabled by our inherited cultures and our social placement within established institutional orders, and actot’s language, thoughts roles , id, resouces, projects ect, are all based upon long chains of prior historical agency and structuration – ie actors are socially and historically constituted - Projection of what human being wants to accomplish in the future ( in philosophy theological) - Culture influence our mental capacity we learn new things when we encounter new cultures it broadens our thinking we see different - Our social placement also dermine our life chances and how far we can go - Social placement is also crucial for agency - Can’t t
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