Lecture 13 November 3, 2009.doc

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University of Toronto St. George
St. Michael's College Courses
Reid Locklin

SMC103Y1 November 3, 2009 The constant Gospel is brought to new contexts when Christians confront non- Christians after the opening of new trade and new income and new settlements. Ignatius of Loyola (1491 – 1556) introduces a new way of spirituality, and the Tridentine Church, as very sensitive to change regard him as a potential heretic. He travels to the University of Paris to strengthen his philosophy to combat his opponents, and gains followers to Rome. Paul III approves their order of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits). The Jesuits follow the same three laws similar to the Monastics, obedience, poverty, and chastity. However he adds a fourth law of obedience towards the Pope. The Jesuits are regarded as the storm troopers of the Pope. They represent the spirituality of the Church in the name of the Pope similar to the storm troopers asserting authority on behalf of the Emperor. They are contemplative in action, or a tangible way of putting the Holy Spirit into action. The Jesuits were open to exploring new ideas instead of exactly modeling the European Church into new lands. The questions Jesuits asked were: How do we evaluate foreign cultures and religions? Many Jesuits had to think on the fly as they were the trailblazers in the new lands, and so they had successes as well as failures in this trial and error process. When we see the good in other cultures, the virtues of benevolence and caring for others, Jesuits say that it is the Holy Spirit at work beyond the confines of the church. When they see Christian imagery outside of Christian context such as the cross or the Trinity, raises this topical question. There are three hypotheses to ar
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