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Lecture 2

Anthropology 1025F/G Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Culture Shock, Industrial Revolution, Emic And Etic

Course Code
ANTH 1025F/G
Kim Clark

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Culture and methods
- used before 1500 as a action not a noun; tending and cultivation of something
- -1500+ extended to humans; cultivation of the mind
- Only some people
- Civilization was thought of as a stage of development that only some people reached
- Civilization as culture; some people were at the top and other were very low and barley
human (uncultured).
- Vary a lot from the antro prospective as culture as a way of life: all ppl have culture, way
of life, multiple cultures. ( came into effect in late 19th to 20th century )
- Main point of anthro culture; is ordinary ( all actions can be permutated by culture)
- all knowledge and info in the world that children learn growing up. (infromation, skills,
attutide, notions ideas beliefs, perceptions, etc.)
- Behaioural:
- Everything people do, the way we habitually act.
- Particular cultures tend to act a particular way.
- -Trial and error learning is also called individual situational learning.
- - When we try to do something we haven't done before to see if it works.

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- Type of learning in most animals, not just humans
- Time consuming b/c each member of spices must start from beginning.( no way to pass
on information)
- If only ay learned we wouldn’t cumulate enough knowledge
- Social learning: individual can learn by indicating or communication with individuals who
have already learned something
- Some animals learn this: animals with strong familial ties ( imitating others)
- Sometimes called Social situational learning
- More important In humans
- Makes it possible to pass on knowledge from generation to generation: cultural learning
- Ability to adapt to environment is result of knowledge past on through social groups.
- Process which a child learns is called enculturation; process of which one generation
passess knowledge to another generation, normaly children
- important that people share enough knowledge that they are capable of acting in ways
that is meaningful to other
- Resluts in behaviour that works well enough to allow pople to survive and reproduce in
their enviroment
- behaviour of individuals within the same socity don’t always act the same way
- Behaviour which is excepted in society, ie behaviour appropriate for children may not be
appropriate for the adults, or male Vs. female
- Different ideas of what behaviour is excepted for each social group
- Different situations for different behaviors ie, man at work Vs. home
- Behaviour may vary in different social situations.
- The behaviour for every individuals may vary as not everyone is the same but there is
still patterns of behaviour
- The behavoiur of people is greatly effect by the culture they are raised and indivuals
raised in a culture show similar patterns
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