Anthropology 1026F/G Lecture Notes - Core Sample, Ethnoarchaeology, Dendrochronology

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Oct. 17, 2011
Anthropology
Lecture: Archaeology Methods cont’d
Dendrochronology
- Restricted to areas w/ trees & ages that have plants as sophisticated as trees
- Able to test good years & bad years for growth how much did it rain in 600 BCE?
- Able to determine when a structure was built based on how old a well-preserved original wood
beam core sample
- BUT absolute date subject to whether or not beam was re-used, etc. (common in areas where
trees are rare)
Analysis
- Looks at artifacts made of:
o Stone
o Ceramic
o Wood
o Bone
o Feathers
o Textile, leather
- Potential for analysis depend on preservation hence stone tools & ceramic common; they
preserve well
- Stone tools may date back even millions of years (stone tools earliest artifacts)
- Ceramic (ie clay younger than stone)
o May be decorated (moulded, painted, etc)
Gives sense of culture dolls, drawing, stories, mythical theme, sacred stories,
gods/goddesses, designs, style; gives idea of values, hobbies, change in
preference over time
o May also be moulded based on purpose
Colander
Water jug
Brewing
Drinking
Cooking
Seriation
- Tracking stylistic change w/ time
Archaeo fashionnomics
- Eg. Change in popularity in various tombstone heads from 1860-1709 CE
- Often “battleship curves” seen in data
Look up “Kennewick Man” in text Pg. 115
- Who has legal rights to it? Dilemma
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