Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Natural Foods

13 views1 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
School
Western University
Department
Anthropology
Course
Anthropology 2229F/G
Lecture 25 Settlement and Subsistence
Sites/Components on the Landscape
o Have to have a sample that is representative
o E.g. Early Ontario Iroquoian Period
1000-1200 AD
One of the first known to rely somewhat heavily on agriculture
Certain soils are better for crop yields, clay-based soils retain
more moisture
Sites are on sandy, silty soils that don’t retain moisture as well;
often on sand plains
Agriculture wasn’t as important yet, still reliant on natural food
products
Sandy soils are high in natural food products and prime
oak-hickory forests
Natural food availability important in deciding where to
make sites
Rich in game animals as well, rely on natural food stuffs as well
E.g. deer, turkey, passenger pigeons
Maize still not as important in the diet yet
Maximized access to food
Did live in villages year round
Also have evidence in the late spring-summer, the villages
were largely abandoned
Some stayed behind
Set up new camps near the lakes (Erie, Huron)
Other data supports this:
Floral material: charred corn less common than in later
times
o No beans (nitrogen fixers)
Human skeletons: C13-C12 ratio less in this time, less
reliant on maize
Cavities: much lower percentage, less maize which is
high in sugar
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Sites/components on the landscape: have to have a sample that is representative, e. g. One of the first known to rely somewhat heavily on agriculture. Certain soils are better for crop yields, clay-based soils retain more moisture. Sites are on sandy, silty soils that don"t retain moisture as well; often on sand plains. Agriculture wasn"t as important yet, still reliant on natural food products. Sandy soils are high in natural food products and prime oak-hickory forests. Natural food availability important in deciding where to make sites. Rich in game animals as well, rely on natural food stuffs as well. Maize still not as important in the diet yet. Also have evidence in the late spring-summer, the villages were largely abandoned. Set up new camps near the lakes (erie, huron) Floral material: charred corn less common than in later times: no beans (nitrogen fixers) Human skeletons: c13-c12 ratio less in this time, less reliant on maize.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.