Anthropology 2229F/G Lecture Notes - Chiefdom, Central Place Theory, Walter Christaller

9 views2 pages
Published on 18 Jul 2012
Department
Lecture 29 Part 2 Landscape Level Organization
o Valley of Mexico cont.
Late Formative Period
Settlement Types
o Small villages, larger villages, and towns (2000+
people)
o More public buildings, more administrative and
religious buildings
More centralized decision making
Status Distinctions
o Evidence of status distinctions appear
o Burials: some have more goods than others
o Differences in housing: larger houses for the
more powerful people, found in the towns
Settlement Patterning
o Aggregations of sites, about 8-10 sites
Large town or village centrally located
and acts as the administrative centre
o Not everywhere as they were before
o Town as an administrative center of surrounding
villages
Clusters are clearly related, but don’t
overlap, eliminates competition between
groups
o Spacing becomes quite regular between the
larger towns, suggests they are administrative
centers
Redistributive economy, characteristic of
chiefdoms
Classified as simple to complex chiefdoms
Terminal Period
Settlement Types
o Appearance of a fourth level of settlement, the
urban centre (20,000+ people)
Small villages, large villages and towns
still exist
More public buildings, etc.
2 urban centers in the valley, causes the
smaller clusters to disappear
Don’t cover huge amounts of land
o At least three levels of decision making:
Urban center, local administrators and
small-village administrators
Status Distinctions
o Status distinctions present
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Lecture 29 part 2 landscape level organization: valley of mexico cont. Settlement types: small villages, larger villages, and towns (2000+ people, more public buildings, more administrative and religious buildings. Status distinctions: evidence of status distinctions appear, burials: some have more goods than others, differences in housing: larger houses for the more powerful people, found in the towns. Settlement patterning: aggregations of sites, about 8-10 sites. Large town or village centrally located and acts as the administrative centre: not everywhere as they were before, town as an administrative center of surrounding villages. Clusters are clearly related, but don"t overlap, eliminates competition between groups: spacing becomes quite regular between the larger towns, suggests they are administrative centers. Classified as simple to complex chiefdoms chiefdoms. Settlement types: appearance of a fourth level of settlement, the urban centre (20,000+ people) Small villages, large villages and towns still exist. 2 urban centers in the valley, causes the smaller clusters to disappear.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.