Anthropology 1027A– Claire Marin – Lecture 002
Tuesday, September 24 th
Monosyllabic words – sea, sit, set
Disyllabic words – mission, margin, extra
Trisyllabic words – marginal, elephant, Canada
Any more is called multisyllabic.
Asyllable: consists of a prominent or sonorous peak (usually a vowel), sometimes surrounded by
consonants that decrease a sonority towards the edges.
These pictures can be found on the 3 ppt. Liquids are r's and l's, rather their sounds.
You cannot sing a fricative, affricate, or stop.
An example of the role of syllable in the description of phonological patterns:
Where does the allophone [ph] of the phoneme /p/ occur in English?
[p ] occurs in syllable-initial position (of a stressed syllable)
The Internal Structure of the Syllable
Nucleus: (obligatory) the most sonorous segment, e.g. Vowels
Onset: (optional) the consonant that precedes the nucleus.
Coda: (optional) the consonant that follows the nucleus.
Rhyme: (obligatory) contains the nucleus and the coda (if we have one).
Algorithm for Building Syllables
First thing you have to do is transcribe.
1. Group each vowel into a nucleus and assign each nucleus to a rhyme.
2. Organize the consonants to the left of a vowel as an onset (subject to language-specific
3. Consonants that may not be syllabified as onsets are syllabified as codas.
Note: Preference is given to syllabifying consonants as onsets rather than codas.
The Onset Maximization Principle strength