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The Early Woodland Period 900BC-1AD.docx

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Western University
Anthropology 2222F/G
Peter Timmins

Oct, 09, 2013 The Early Woodland Period 900BC-1AD Developments: -There was domestication of plants starting in the south, clay pots that were very crude and there was a lot of continuity with the Late Archaic because they were the same people that just made lifestyle changes -Early cultigens were specially selected for their thin seed coats and early maturity and the most important plants were first domesticated in South America and they then spread to the north where they became staples by 800 AD Introduction of Ceramics: -They are very important to archaeologists but perhaps not so much for the people that used them because it was adopted very slowly -Clay offered them more design choices than stone so there was the development of regional styles and their time- space relations are good things for us to study (ceramic seriation) -We can look at their function in everyday life and ploughs destroy it easily but there were some groups that just never made it part of their life because it was not practical for very mobile people to carry the heavy fragile pots Complexes: Meadowood: -Has similar distributions as Middlesex extending in the Eastern Great Lakes to New York -Cache blades were triangular biface preforms for projectile points that are notched with either a concave or convex base -Bird stones are sometimes found in graves but the popped eyes were a new addition to the old style and they were maybe used as atlatl weights with symbolic value (they are ambiguous so it may be a supernatural animal) -They had slate working which is usually obvious at sites because it leaves a lot of debris behind -Their pottery was very thick but it commonly breaks along the coils and there are cord marks on the inside and outside that probably result from paddles being wrapped in some twine like plant material leaving their impression as the paddles were used in holding up the coils when being made -The pottery is commonly found in pits which is important because it is undisturbed by ploughs -They almost always use Onondaga chert and there are huge concentrations of preform blades which were probably made en masse for trade and they commonly recycled tools into drills or by retouching hafting sections into scrapers -It is rare to find post moulds associated with their camps but they possibly used wall trenches where the moulds were placed but we don’t really understand their purpose -They had s
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