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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Part 1 – Early & Middle Archaic

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Western University
Anthropology 2231F/G
Christopher Ellis

Lecture 6 Part 1 – Early & Middle Archaic  10,000 BP – Beginning of Archaic (arbitrary) o Major trait: notched/stemmed stone weapon tips with serrated edges  3,000 BP – End of Archaic o Appearance of pottery (particular kinds) – non-fiber-tempered  1950s – Archaic divided into subdivisions by Melvin Fowler o Time depth too long o Divided into:  Early (about 2000 years) – 10,000 – 8,000 BP  Middle: 8,000 – 6,000 BP  Late: 6,000 – 3,000 BP o There is some variability in the literature o ** See chart on WebCT**  1940s-1950s o Joffre Cole – North Carolina (#6 on map)  Most sites along major rivers, deeply stratified because of river flooding  Found same sequence of point types  Began about 9,000 years ago  Hardaway o St. Albans Site, West Virginia (#30 on map)  Also showed progression of sites  1970s o Little Tennessee River Valley  Tellico Reservoir  Going to build a dam, large areas to e flooded, did CRM  Found Early Woodland sites with layers going back to the Early Archaic underneath  Most famous site Icehouse Bottom  Impressions of mats from around hearths preserved in
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