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Lecture

Lecture 29 – Northwest Coast- Middle Pacific Period

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
Anthropology 2231F/G
Professor
Christopher Ellis

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Lecture 28 Part 2 Northwest Coast: Middle Pacific Period
Middle Pacific 1,800 BC 200/500 AD
o Houses, sedentism, permanent villages
Rectangular plank houses
Physical evidence of social inequality
Widespread use, still some pithouses
o Social inequality
Prestige goods such as copper
Households competed for members to accomplish tasks
(hunting, etc.) which drew in more people
Demand for workers inspired warfare and raiding for
slaves
o Storage-based economy
o Warfare
Usually naval warfare
Boats made out of a single tree
Often to protect status or revenge for loss of status, or chief
indebted to another and didn’t pay him back
o Social stratification
3,000 years ago there was definitely social stratification
Slavery apparent, existed historically
Chiefs owned more slaves than others, most often war captives
o Boats, boxes, tackle (toggling harpoon heads, net weights)
o Paul Mason Site: 1,450-950 BC
Seasonally occupied
Late Pacific 200/500 1775 AD
o More bones and antler tools
Almost complete replacement of chip stone tools
o Increase in house sizes
For 20-25 families each
o Heavy-duty wood working tools
Massive adzes, pile drivers, etc.
o Decline in midden burials
o Increase in burial mounds
South
Didn’t last very long
o Shift from male to female status markers
As seen at European contact
o Warfare
o More resource intensification
Almost to the extent of domestication
o Sunken Village, Oregon: 700 BP
Ancient DNA research to see if there was domestication of
hazelnuts or Gary Oak acorns
Highest native population at contact

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Description
Lecture 28 Part 2– Northwest Coast: Middle Pacific Period  Middle Pacific 1,800 BC – 200/500 AD o Houses, sedentism, permanent villages  Rectangular plank houses  Physical evidence of social inequality  Widespread use, still some pithouses o Social inequality  Prestige goods such as copper  Households competed for members to accomplish tasks (hunting, etc.) which drew in more people  Demand for workers inspired warfare and raiding for slaves o Storage-based economy o Warfare  Usually naval warfare  Boats made out of a single tree  Often to protect status or revenge for loss of status, or chief indebted to another and didn’t pay him back o Social stratification  3,000 years ago there was definitely social stratification  Slavery apparent, existed historically  Chiefs owned more slaves than others, most often war captives o Boats, boxes, tackle (toggling harpoon heads, net weights) o Paul Mason Site: 1,450-950 BC  Seasonally occupied  Late Pacific 200/500 – 1775 AD o More bones and antler tools  Almost complete replacement of chip stone tools o Increase in house sizes 
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