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Anthropology 2231F/G Lecture Notes - Toggling Harpoon, Social Stratification, Sedentism

2 pages47 viewsWinter 2012

Course Code
Anthropology 2231F/G
Christopher Ellis

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Lecture 28 Part 2 Northwest Coast: Middle Pacific Period
Middle Pacific 1,800 BC 200/500 AD
o Houses, sedentism, permanent villages
Rectangular plank houses
Physical evidence of social inequality
Widespread use, still some pithouses
o Social inequality
Prestige goods such as copper
Households competed for members to accomplish tasks
(hunting, etc.) which drew in more people
Demand for workers inspired warfare and raiding for
o Storage-based economy
o Warfare
Usually naval warfare
Boats made out of a single tree
Often to protect status or revenge for loss of status, or chief
indebted to another and didn’t pay him back
o Social stratification
3,000 years ago there was definitely social stratification
Slavery apparent, existed historically
Chiefs owned more slaves than others, most often war captives
o Boats, boxes, tackle (toggling harpoon heads, net weights)
o Paul Mason Site: 1,450-950 BC
Seasonally occupied
Late Pacific 200/500 1775 AD
o More bones and antler tools
Almost complete replacement of chip stone tools
o Increase in house sizes
For 20-25 families each
o Heavy-duty wood working tools
Massive adzes, pile drivers, etc.
o Decline in midden burials
o Increase in burial mounds
Didn’t last very long
o Shift from male to female status markers
As seen at European contact
o Warfare
o More resource intensification
Almost to the extent of domestication
o Sunken Village, Oregon: 700 BP
Ancient DNA research to see if there was domestication of
hazelnuts or Gary Oak acorns
Highest native population at contact
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