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Nov 11th - Classical Greek Art and Architecture.docx

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Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Alexis Dolphin

Nov 11 /2013 Classical Greek Art and Architecture - Human body and the beauty of the human body o Unusual - Kritios boy, 3’10 , 480 BCE o Greek art suddenly finds new approaches to the human body  We don’t have much after this because the Persians burned Athens to the ground - Delphi Charioteer o C. 477 o 5’11  Very tall o Votive Offering  Vow made to the gods o Found about 40 years ago   Made of bronze, very unusual, very valuable  Don’t usually have a lot of bronze art b/c when barbarians come they melt down the bronze and take it  Most bronze statues are come across accidentally o Marble statues are always an imitation of bronze  Bronze statues are the more faithful imitation  They have molds bronze could be poured into o Ivory eyes, neutral facial expression - Riace Warriors o C. 455 o Bronze o 6’9, 6’6 o Found on another ship wreck in Italy o Super sophisticated  Huge leap  Postures are different  Most likely spears  Bearded – indicating grown men o Warrior A and Warrior B - Discobolos c. 460 o 2 dimensional  Thought because most statues were attached to buildings Nov 11 /2013 o Completely different posture  Guy throwing a discus - Artemisium Statue o 470-440 BC o 6’10  “The Zeus” - The Doryphoros (“The Spear Carrier”) o 440 BC o 6’11 o Contrapposto  Meaning: method to maintain symmetry,  Found roughly 2000 years after it was created - Michelangelo’s David o Contrapposto - Diadoumenos o “Fillet-binder” o 430 BC o 6’5 * Not realistic but naturalistic - Goddess, Parthenon c. 440 o Curves underneath the body - Nike Adjusting her Sandal: 6’7, c.420 o Interesting pose o Part of the wall but coming out from it  The most common type - Ordinary Greek Women o Mother and Child c.420 o On gravestones - Ampharete with Child o C. 430 o Grandmother - Athenian Red-Figure Vases: (500-400) o Same technique as the black figure o The orange part is un-painted  Negative artistry o Easy to pick up details o Overlapping figured, fine details o Series of images o Historians prize these pots as opposed to artists Nov 11 /2013 o Allows is to see Greek techniques although the paintings would have been much more elaborate o Fuck Greek Art o I hate this Greek Architecture f. 7.4 - Cella (Naos) – main chamber, Pronaos – right infront of the Noas; kind of like the porch of the temple - Colonnade (Peristyle) – any series of columns - The biggest buildings in ancient Greece were temples o long and narrow b/c the engineering was shit - Post and Lintel - The architectural orders: Doric vs. Ionic o Capital: on top of columns  Simple on doric, curly and detailed on ionic o Metope/triglyphe  Only on Doric  Long piece of marble on top of the capitcal  A repeating series  3 bars (triglphe) and a little sculpture (metope)  Metopes usually follow a common theme o Frieze  Only on Ionic  Series of sculptures running the whole length telling a story - Temple at Apahaia o On the island of Aegina, 500-480 BC - 2 walls will have pediments o Shallow triangle, below the rough and above the lintel o Battle scenes often  Easy to make dying warriors in the corners where space is limited  Archaic smile - Pericles: The Acropolis o “The high part of the polis” o Most famous one was in Athens o Pericles  Famous politician  Guided Athenian policies after Persian wars Nov 11 /2013  Funds from Delian league used to repair city after it was burned and they made their Acropolis the shit - Acropolis o Parthenon (447-438)  Virgin Goddess Athena  Metopes and Triglyphes  Doric  Depicting Greek gods vs. Outsiders  Pediments:  Competition b/w Athena vs. Poseidon  People chose Athena  Patron goddess  Birth of Athena: didn’t come from sex, just came from Zeus’ head lol  Other side of the pediment shows the birth of Athena from Zeus’ head  Frieze on the interior wall of the pillars  Acropolis has frieze and metopes meaning its universally Greek o Not Ionic or not Doric but both  Statue of Athena  Solid gold and ivory  Shield in her hand with a snake at the bottom (named Erectheus) o First King of Athens (the snake lol) o Snakes were a symbol of health in Greece o o Propyliai (437-432) o Erechtheion (435-406)  Statue for the snake King  If you defeat a country in war, depictions of the other countries women were columns holding up some buildings  Porch on the erechtheion o Athena Nike (c. 425)  Edge of the Parthenon  Terrivle shape  Tiny  Ionic Nov 11 /2013  Nike adjusting her sandle The Peloponnesian War 431 – 405 BC - Spartans said to the Athenians to give up the Delian league and let the poleis involved be free or they would start war but the Athenians said no - Start of the Peloponnesian War - Greece was exhausted by war and after math - Battle b/w elephant and a whale o Two mighty polies with different strengths  Athens: navy  More man power, wealth, territory  Sparta: foot warriors - Sparta wants to strip Athens of allies (Offensive) - Athens has no counter ambitions (Defensive) - To what extent to Athens allies want to fight with them? - Sparta’s allies are eager for war o Especially Thebes and Corinth - 26 solid years of war - Most Greeks didn’t think it would last that long o Thought the Spartan’s would win o They had never been defeated before - Sparta c
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