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Roman Chariot Racing April 7 #20.docx

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 1000
Tom Haffie

Roman Chariot Racing April 7th, 2014 -was very popular -chariot racers were paid more than gladiators -was held in circuses >'circuit' Circus Maximus -largest circus in Rome and one of the oldest structures -was the largest structure, bigger than the coliseum etc. -not 80M height (slide typo) -seated 150,00 people -different from Greek chariot racing> had seating, and a spine in the middle to separate horses, turning post -spine is either a trench of water, or statues -would go counter-clockwise -turning posts> three pillars with eggs on top (?) -when it wasn't being used for races it could be used for other things> gladiator animal hunts etc -7 laps to every race, 7 eggs, would remove an egg when a lap was finished -eggs could be used to count, as well as dolphin statues -tails up> how many laps are left, tails down> laps done Parade: Poma -at the beginning of the race -opportunity for the editor to show off Factions> teams -4 factions, only businesses that you could rent racers from -would be pointless to fund a chariot race and not use these factions> no one wants to watch this -when Augustus ruled, he bought all the factions and made them public, didn't want someone to have that much power over Roman entertainment, perhaps to stop overcharging for events -4 teams> blue, white, red, green -conspiracy theories> certain emperor's favourite team keeps winning etc. -family legacy, liked the same team your father did -most racers staid in the same team and didn't switch -factions provided all supplies you needed when you became an editor -24 chariot races were the maximum amount you could have a day -about a half hour per race, actual race was only about 10 minutes -held on ludi> festival -would honour Gods with chariot races - Romans had about 110 holidays - every race has to have 4,8, or 12 teams -has to be multiples of 4 so there were an equal amount of each faction -usually slaves or freedmen, despite of the wealth to be had -were probably bought and trained since they were little -the freedmen were usually ex-slaves -Miliarii> men who won a thousand races, weren't many of them but it was possible -Quadriga> 4 horses side by side -chariots were small and lightweight -wood, minimal spokes on wheels, rimmed with iron, animal skin or wicker platform -about 70lbs chariot -skill to keep on the same path, get all 4 horses to do what you want -would tie half the reins around their body so they could signal all four horses Clothing -helmet -leather strips -small knife> if your chariot flips you can cut yourself out of the reins -fans rooted for particular horses as well, would visit their graves etc. -starting gates that were spring loaded and signalled by the editor by dropping a napkin -about 5km in total -layer of stone, then clay, then sand -after every race the sand was re-spread Collisions -fans loved it even though they loved the horses -Naufragium> "shipwreck" -hard to get the horses and wreckage off the track -want to be as close as possible to the turning post when turning -90 degree turns -Romans had a real fascination with animal fights Wreath and Palm Branch -for winners -symbolic Money -winner of a race would get 18x a soldiers' yearly salary which was about average wage -one of the most famous racers says he won about a billion dollars racing over 24 years -editor pays for chariot racer, faction would reward the winner -victory lap -no Athletics in rome on test The Severans, the 3rd century crisis Septimus Severus -Phoenician African -set up his own dynasty> only lasted 42 years -openly based on military power -wife> Julia Domna -was a Assyrian> "mother of the army " " mother of the fatherland" -was very influential -under the rule of one of his sons> law is passed> Constitutio Antoniana> every free person is a citizen -as soon as this happens, different categories of citizens are implemented The End of The Severans -inability of successive generations to maintain control and respect of the army -Elagabalus> openly worshipped a non roman God, transvestite -couldn't lead the army -his cousin is put in power, loses battle against the Germans, pays them off> soldiers assassinate him in disgust -army is now in control -each of the adopted emperors ruled for about 20 years -this promotes stability -after the Severans, the emperors only rule for at most a year or two -bureaucracy survives despite the unrest at the top -by the end of this period, Roman had lost Eastern of its empire, France, Spain The Third Century Crisis -Rome was incapable of generating anything to keep itself going -no longer great lawyers or politicians -being attacked by outsiders -wouldn't rely on the army/government, would go to the wealthiest person in your town for guidance -within each little town there would be people (warlord) would run the town, collect taxes etc. Diocletian -inherits the Roman empire -Roman empire is very unstable -re-conquers almost all of what had been lost -marks the end of the late period of the empire -for 50 years after he takes over there are no successful external attacks Tetrarchy> new ruling system -2 Augustus/2 Caesars -himself and someone he chose, they then each picked a successor -even when they were alive their su
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