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Lecture

The First Century BCE - The Collapse of the Republic

2 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
Classical Studies 2200
Professor
Christopher Brown

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Feb 03 12 The First Century BCEThe Collapse of the RepublicThe Collapse of the Republic Romes conquest of the Mediterranean basin created a number of problems with landreform issues arising from the traditional methods of raising troops and with the desire of the Italian allies to be granted Roman citizenship The response of the oligarchy was problematic and this led to a period of political turmoil with popular agitation against the senatorial oligarchy and division within the senatorial classThe Gracchi Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus and Gaius Sempronius Gracchus belonged to an elite family related to Scipio Africanus After Tiberius was verbally attacked in the senate by Scipio Aemilianus he joined a faction hostile to Scipio As tribune of the plebs in 133 BC in Scipios absence Gracchus proposed a law to address the question of landreform and this was motivated by military concerns The proposed law involved the confiscation of land ager publicus Gracchus submitted the law to the plebs without discussion in the Senatebig problem The law was vetoed by M Octavius but Gracchus had him removed from office an unprecedented step Gracchus ignored the Senates will on foreign policy Sought immediate reelection to avoid prosecution for perduellio activity hostile to the stateimmune while in of
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