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Lecture

Teamwork What is a team? Romance of teams, when teams are necessary and more.


Department
Engineering Science
Course Code
ENGSCI 1050
Professor
James A Johnson

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Teamwork
September-15-10
1:30 PM
What is a team? 2 or more people working independently toward a common goal.
Consider...
Dramatic claims about team effectiveness
Empirical data are much less impressive
YET strong enthusiasm for teams persists
"romance of teams" -- A belief in the effectiveness of teams that is out of proportion to the
scientific evidence regarding team effectiveness
Why does the romance exist?
Teams provide
Social/emotional benefits
Competence-related benefits
When are teams necessary
Task requires skills that no individual has
Time pressure requires multiple people
Coordinated action is required
Task is inherently interdependent
So what factors influence team success?
Input>>>>Process>>>>Outcomes
o Input
Resources
Influence
Access to information
Stuff: equipment, budget, time
People
The right number... Too many? Too few?
Goals... Clear? Shared? Believed in? Achievable?
Roles... Clear? Understood? Appropriate?
Knowledge, skills, abilities... Some you bring, Some you develop
with the team
o Process
Communication
Internal communication
External communication
Coordination
Use of time
Follow through on promises
Streamlining of activities
Hand-off strategies
Back-up plans
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