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Lecture

English Gladiator Lecture.docx

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Department
English
Course
English 2017
Professor
Joel Faflak
Semester
Fall

Description
English Culture Lecture- Gladiator - individuals freedom: “People should know when their conquered”, what are the limits of our freedom? - Idealistic form: relationship between the state and for the citizens for whom it speaks - Ideal of the free state, it does so for the safety of its citizens, to build and empire - Protect the rights of the individual - Marcus represents the ideal of the vision of the public, be the best it can be as an imperial authority - Individual vs. state still associated today - The individual power and authority of the leader - Are you not entertained? Constantly reminded us that this is the level that we exist by and follow from our leaders: the idea of them being a celebrity - How can the state step in and speak on behalf of the leader? Paradox of the individual - No leadership quality is real compared to the point of giving a state back its individuality and freedom - The king understands his son doesn’t have what it takes to make Rome a better place. Maximus can, he is a Christ like symbol because he knows he wont be seduced by the leadership ran by image - Marcus Aurelius: philosopher king, last of the five good emperors, famously spoken of the horror imperii(fear of imperial power), he is a reluctant leader, he doesn’t want to take on authority because he thinks its wrong o Cassius Dio, after Macus died quote: when he passes on the rein to him, there is a slow decline, Rome needed to be secure o Stotic philosopher: living according to nature, the enternal order of man, Macimus- “nothing happens to anyone who he is not fitted by natures bear” o Individual self control is for another larger nature, or another social whole o 1: the meaninglessness of what he has done in his life, what has he done it for? o 3: always focus on living the best life possible, don’t do it by manipulation o 4: best quote o Where is home: where is legitimate state of being? o Commodus doesn’t know he wants to be a better person, he has a blind devotion to family (he wanted a pure heir, a scene of incest) - Machiavelli: the leader was chosen, instead of being passed on from son to son, things could go horribly wrong like in gladiator o The image of the philosopher king, the guy who leads the good life(knows how to use his rational mind to control his passions, will be a good leader o Discourses: Commodus knows he does not have the virtues that his father wants in a king for Rome o He isn’t passionate enough for Rome to listen to his father - Ruled by a tyrant, one who knew he had to wheel his authority to get to the end, and justifying what the proper end is and how he will use it o Paradox: sometimes we just want to be ruled, its uncomfortable that we are a herd, but need the individual leader - The myth of leadership: from September 19 powerpoint) o Joseph Campbell: myth is more powerful, legitimate myth of myth of ideology o Glorify the mystic path that is rome, maximus enters in the history as a force of history himself and rewrites hstory at that
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