Class Notes (808,889)
Canada (493,398)
English (1,157)
English 2017 (143)
Lecture 8

English 2017 Lecture 8: Lecture 8 Notes

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
English 2017
Nigel Joseph

Lecture 8 Notes: Being healthy Health: What does it actually mean? We think of someone who is healthy as an absence of disease. Somebody who is not ill isn’t necessarily healthy. Someone who doesn’t have an illness can still live in a condition that isn’t healthy. Why do sociologists study health? Study the role of sick people and their treatment and the role of people in hospitals and how they do their jobs. Why is that certain types of groups are prone to certain types of groups? Why do they spread so quickly? Sociologists look at patterns that show differences in health outcomes, experiences and treatments Why is it now that there are so many things now that are recognized as medical conditions that weren’t in the future. Defining and Measuring Health Infant mortality rate: number of deaths before the age of one for every 1,000 births. A declining infant mortality rate is an indication in that a countries health care system is becoming developed. Leading Causes of death 1901, 2009 Back then people died mostly from infectious diseases. Infectious diseases are now being “imported”, they don’t result in our own countries, they are being brought back from underdeveloped countries. Life expectancy In Canada, the average life expectancy is around 82, the Japanese live longer along with the French. The top life expectancy countries have proper health care systems, accessible for all citizens, clean drinking water. So life expectancy is a result from environmental factors as well. Health Care Costs and Infant Mortality Rate Health care in Canada is effective and it is fairly cheap, yet in the United States, it is very expensive and not effective that barely reaches a few people. Socialized Medicine Organized, managed, and financed by the Government. It guarantees all Canadians access to health care, regardless of your income. Sick Role (Parsons, 1951) Being sick has a specific functionalist place in the larger social structure. Being sick for example give you an exemption from certain individual responsibilities such as work and school. But you have the obligation to get well and obligation to seek help. Problems with this perspective? We aren’t exempt from all roles, you cant stop parenting your child. What classifies as sick, what isn’t? We treat certain people and certain illnesses differently. What types of help is legitimate (chicken soup vs. doctor) Being Sick Decline in autonomy Being diagnosed is something in which we have little control. We have to allow others to diagnose what we have. Being treated is something we too do not have a lot of control over. Being at the mercy of others, Dehumanization Being hospitalized (being mercy of other people, they control your day, tell you what to do) Being probed, poked, and prodded (physically at the mercy of other people, things happen in the hospitals that make a loss of dignity. Loss of dignity Illness as socially constructed Famous experiment: On being sane in insane places Research team consisted of 12 people, different walks of life, medical professionals, sociologists, house wife etc. They were given patent roles; in other words, they were pretending to be ill. They checked in mental help practitioner and they lied and said they were hearing voices, they presented themselves as having a physic social problems. They didn’t lie about anything other than the voices. As soon as they were emitted in the hospital, they stopped acting out the role. None of the participants ever questioned whether or not they were sick at all. The average length that participants were in the hospital was about 50 days, none of them left the hospital without being cured. They were all labeled as skitsofranic, when they weren’t. A misdiagnosis at the outset places the label on them. Being healthy: Childhood obesity as an
More Less

Related notes for English 2017

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.