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English 1022E Lecture Notes - Brave New World, Big Guido, Young Ireland

Course Code
English 1022E
David Bentley

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September 10, 2013
Narrative is a better term to use than plot
oIt implies the way that the story is told
oIt has a climax
oProtagonist/ conscious mind is better word to use than characters
What Makes Anecdotes different?
oPunch lines-comes at the very end of the story
oLead ins “so this blonde…” is a signifier of what kind of story it is
going to be (ie. Once upon a time is a lead in for fairytales)
oIncludes characters that are stereotypes (newfies, blondes)
oNo intense description of characters/setting  to be affective jokes
have to be SHORT
As we get higher on the list…
o characters become more round/ complex as the reader gets to
know them
oSettings become more complex as well (either a geographical
location or an imaginary world)
oClimactic moment becomes more complex
oUse of an EPIPHANY: moment of revolution for the character AND
The modern short story: defined in 1842 by Edgar Allan Poe
oTime is a factor
oTo be a short story, a piece of writing must be short enough to read
in one sitting
oHas a certain unique and single effect
oeverything is chosen by the writer for purpose
oRise of short story came with the rise of industrialism
oLife style of industrialism was extremely divided-long hours, terrible
pay and little time off

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oIn turn, short stories was to cater to their needs, giving readers
maximum payback of emotional intensity in ½ hour breaks
oHorror and detective stories were maximum engaging
2 great movements in the 19th century:
oRealism: desire to capture/ relay new modern world/ sense of
everyday life
oSymbolism: there must be more to life than appearance-seeks to
find the mystery of life
Short Stories can be compared to lace: made up fabric and holes and a
combination of what is there and what isn’t. (also is made of delicate
Thursday, September 12, 2013
Lives split in two: private vs. public
Modernity: a quality of life which arose in the industrial revolution
oPeople were constantly subjected to large crowds, pollution people
were constantly subjected to large crowds, pollution
oConsequence: more and more people began to suffer from degrees
of anxiety, alienation, unstable identity
oKarl marx; all that is solid melts into air, but things that people
counted on for years disappeared in the face of modern urban
industrial life
oAmericanitis: ______
oExtastentialism: the meaningless of existence, alienation of humans
o“Before this strange disease of modern life, with it’s sick hurry, it’s
divided aims” “for strong the infection of our mental strife” (The
Scholar Gypsy, Mathew Arnold, pg 2170)
Therapeutic Culture: scape to cottages, parks and books designed as
“medicine to the mind”
oboth psychological and physical; drained, exhausted
oparticularly people working in cities and offices
owhat would this culture do? If you were wealthy you built a cottage
to escape the city (muskoka-how it originated) if you weren’t
wealthy… invention of the great urban park of new york, montreal
which were left wild, meant to be therapeutic
oPattern of going out (to a place of relaxation, rejuvenation,
“recharge your batteries”) and back (to reality)
oRecreated  RECREATION

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The Horse Dealers Daughter
Published 1916
oBeginning of first world war (people being faced with modernity)
oFirst published as “The Miracle”
oParables of redemption
oT.H Lawrence not a Christian
oLaying of hands (biblical reference) sparks “new life”
oAbout conversion towards love rather than towards love
oParable of human love (the redemptive salvation)
oLove must be sexual as well as spiritual; must be of body, mind and
oCulture and society or denying physical feelings due to morals
oLawrence says feelings should overcome our rationally-this can be
oSense of confrontation with death and acceptance of mortality
before rebirth can occur when she visits her mother’s grave- before
you can be saved you have to confront your mortality and align
yourself with death (which is what she does)
oAnother pattern- fairytale, especially Cinderella, sleeping beauty
1. “In the afternoon” (p.2693)
oMabel must enter into a life curing relationship
oDoctor is healer  has ability to turn Mabel into a “brand new bitch”
oHouse is called “Old Meadow” and she returns once cured
oShe is treated like a brute  emotionally exploited
oJoe (eldest brother) is 33  age of Christ at death
2. From “In the afternoon” to “He laid her” (p. 2695)
3. From “He laid her” to END
Tutorial Points
The sight of Ferguson’s tension  doctor to lover (undressing of Mabel)
Ferguson as frog (croaking)  prince
Tuesday, September 17, 2013
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