In order to give us a collapsed view of the wasteland and to see the different elements of the wasteland. Where one piece of film is given to us and then a splice that is very different; we have to see how the two connect. Symbolism ; certainly has components of this. Riddling quality of this story demands that we piece it together. Self reflexivity: this poem raises questions as to who the narrator is, what is the story that is being told. This is the first poem not to have an identifiable speaker. It"s very impersonal to hear all these random voices. Emotional apathy of worship; annoy the middle classes. Eliot is creating a whole persona for the writer. Someone who considers himself superior to ordinary people. Someone who has special insight, intelligence, education that allows them to see things ordinary people can"t. Tone of condescension that often appears in modernist art.