History 2201E Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Smallpox, Kateri Tekakwitha, Paul Le Jeune

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Published on 20 Jun 2012
School
Western University
Department
History
Course
History 2201E
Lecture 3 Part 2 Jesuits
Jesuits
o Priestly order within the Catholic Church, part of the Reformation
within the Catholic Church
Founded in Paris in 1539 by a Basque-Spanish priest named
Ignatius Loyola
Later became a saint
Legitimized by Pope Paul III
o Helped and hindered the trade with Natives
o Jesuit a derogatory term used by their enemies, were actually called
the Clerks Regular of the Society of Jesus
o More flexible in their approach to convert natives to Christianity, tried
to understand local customs and incorporate Christian customs into it
o Very well educated
o Famous Jesuits
Paul Le Jeune (leader)
Ennemond Massé
Pierre Biard
Jarome Lalement
Jean de Brébeuf
o Donnés
Supporters of the Jesuits
Helped them run masses, etc.
o Most famous presence is among the Huron, e.g. Ste. Marie Among the
Huron
o Eventually Jesuits lived among the Iroquois Five Nations
o A lot of the converted Iroquois left Iroquioa and moved closer to
Quebec to be closer to the missionaries
o Kateri Tekakwitha
Mohawk girl, converted when she was 10
Baptized at 19, died at 24
Influential over the Mohawk people
Miracles ascribed to her, made holy/beatified in 1980, will be
made a Catholic saint/canonized in October 2012
Jesuit Methodology
o Had to learn Native languages, very difficult given the number of
languages out there and had to write things in their language
Prayer, etc.
o Only useful if natives were willing to listen to them talk about
Christianity
o Very good at attracting an audience
Sacraments had elaborate rituals (rosary beads, incense, etc.)
o Tried very hard to supplant the Shaman/religious leader of the native
groups or at least be their equal
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Document Summary

Lecture 3 part 2 jesuits: priestly order within the catholic church, part of the reformation within the catholic church. Founded in paris in 1539 by a basque-spanish priest named. Legitimized by pope paul iii: helped and hindered the trade with natives. Helped them run masses, etc: most famous presence is among the huron, e. g. ste. Huron: eventually jesuits lived among the iroquois five nations, a lot of the converted iroquois left iroquioa and moved closer to. Quebec to be closer to the missionaries: kateri tekakwitha. Mohawk girl, converted when she was 10. Miracles ascribed to her, made holy/beatified in 1980, will be. Influential over the mohawk people made a catholic saint/canonized in october 2012. Jesuit methodology: had to learn native languages, very difficult given the number of languages out there and had to write things in their language. Prayer, etc: only useful if natives were willing to listen to them talk about. Christianity: very good at attracting an audience.

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