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Lecture

History Lecture 27 Jan 14.docx

2 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
History 2201E
Professor
Michelle Hamilton

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History Lecture 27 Jan. 14 th Treaties - If the Metis are considered as Indians, they are able to get any benefits from the federal government that will recruit to Indians - Metis are not covered under the Indian Act of 1876 and do not have status - Metis were not considered as Indians in 1867 - The difference we see by the land covered by The 7 Numbered Treaties, 1871-1921 covers a massive piece of territory to gain access to the west and open up settlement (settlement cannot happen until this takes place) - They signed treaties as the government needs the land (first 7 encompass that agricultural area of the prairie west) – they get signed quickly, much like the expansion occurred too quickly - 5 more treaties later on - These treaties are signed in the 1870s (1871-1878) – one nice thing is that they match the year (treaty 1 – 1871, etc.) - The process of contact doesn’t end with the Huron, Iroquois, etc. in central Canada – keeps going while we are seeing processes of contact on the North and West coast  Gradual process sweeping across the continent  Perceived as disease and hits the plains groups (die of tuberculosis, smallpox, and measles) – Ojibwa, Cree, Blackfoot Confederacy  By the 1870s, these 3 groups are decimated by disease - The Buffalo are being taken down in large numbers (technological change with firearms) - The Metis are at war with many of the Plains groups, fighting for this increasingly scarce resource – buffalo - The Plains Groups are starving and sick, and that is the context they are facing while they are signing these treaties - The Plains Groups respond by:  Objective is to get the best deal possible with the government when signing these treaties  Chiefs know they have a responsibility to their people
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