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Lecture 21

Health Sciences 1002A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Dignity, Negative And Positive Rights, Neoliberalism

Health Sciences
Course Code
HS 1002A/B
Jessica Polzer

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Lecture 21 - Human Rights as a Framework for Health
March 22, 2016
11:28 AM
Human Rights
What Are Human Rights?
o Applies to everybody, regardless of who you are and where you live
o Apply internationally
Based on values of equality freedom and solidarity
Distinct from privilege
o Right means that you're automatically granted something by an Authority
Transnational organization or nation state could be the Authority
o When they're granted by state or government there is a relationship between the govt and
the individuals
Declaration of human rights adopted by the UN in 1948
o Adopted in the context of post WWII
o Effort to create a culture based on human rights
When declaration was developed, the UN called upon its member countries to highly publicize the
o Education ppl, display it, advertise it
5 Core Notions
1. Human dignity
a. Recognizes that life should have dignity
b. More to life than just Bare Life --> more to it than just biological survival
c. "All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights"
i. Examples of violations: digging through garbage to eat, not having access to running
clean water
2. Nondiscriminatory
a. Applies to the "universal" aspect
b. The only criterion you must meet to be granted rights is your humanity - you are human,
therefore you have rights
3. Civil and political rights
a. Negative rights
i. Call on the government NOT to interfere (negative) w the basic need to express
oneself, or to practice one's religion
ii. Human beings should be free from political abuses of authority
1. Freedom of opinion and speech
4. Economic social and cultural rights
a. Positive rights
i. Call on the government to exercise its responsibility to PROVIDE basic necessities to
ensure that humans can live w dignity
ii. Eg: right to food, education, employment, economic security, healthcare
iii. These ideas of rights really rose in response to the issues that industrialization brought
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