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Western University
Kinesiology 1088A/B
Bob Larose

Lecture 1 th Midterm exam: Friday, October 19 , 2012******, worth 35% Final exam: Not cumulative, worth 50% Laboratory: Virtual, assignment-based, 5/6 taken, each 3% Sport and Exercise Psychology-scientific application of knowledge of people and their behavior in sport & exercise *Textbook content covered in this lecture: Chapter 1* Objectives: a) Consider how psychological factors affect one’s physical performance in sport and exercise [PERFORMANCE] b) Consider how participation in sport and exercise effect one’s psychological development, health, well-being (eg. feeling better via an endorphin high after exercising) [BEHAVIOR] Comprehensive Objective (Carron, 1980) To obtain an understanding (theory, or set of interrelated facts that sets a systematic view on something) through description, explanation, and prediction of the behavior and performance of individuals/groups in sport and exercise (how does one affect the other). Eg more fun to exercise in groups or individual? Are they the reason one exercises? Vise versa? Definitions BEHAVIOR: A unique way in which each of us respond to different forms of stimuli in a situation. All stimuli cause us to react/think in certain ways (sometimes rational, sometimes irrational). PERFORMANCE: Goal-directed behavior for the purpose of short-term execution of a discrete task (eg baseball, how fast can they throw a fastball?). We tend to judge performance based on statistics/behavior based on what one normally does. ORIENTATIONS OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY (ways in which sport and exercise psychology is studied) 1) Behavioral (Social-Psychological): behavior of athletes is believe to be determined by complex interactions with the environment and social environment and personal makeup of the athlete themselves (eg baseball, hot whether may create a different set of stimuli than cooler weather, bright vs. darkness, etc) (eg. Leader’s style and strategies may affect participation on the field) 2) Psychophysiological: studies the impacts of physiological responses of the brain to activity on behavior (eg. Climax of a sports game, person is probably more responsive). Assessed through heart rate, brain wave activity, muscle action potentials, etc) 3) Cognitive-Behavioral: behavior determined by one’s interpretation of both environment and cognitions (thoughts). A combination of behavioral and psychophysiological orientations of S&EP (an interpretation can be affected by both environment and initial behavior). Assessed via
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