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sept 13th sport pysch.docx

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Kinesiology 1088A/B
Robert La Rose

2013-10-09 Sports Psychology Token rewards as motivators  “Reward” things used to modify or manipulate behavior- material rewards  Reinforcement: personal interactions- verbal and non verbal Behaviour modification Operant conditioning Token economies Contingency management  Bring together a relationship between behavior and its consequence  Describing the regulation of behavior by use of tokens to influence or alter the outcome. Examples of Token rewards: - what you earn  Trophies  Money  Sponsorship  Scholarship  Social status Undesirable behaviours can be eliminated through the use of token rewards E.g.: text Pg. 136 change behaviours of a swim team Desirable behaviours can be enhanced through the use of token rewards E.g. Text Pg. 135 basketball Token rewards have a spill over effect on non-target behaviours  E.g. Jones 1977 – improve skill at a summer BB camp  Earn colored rings for skill execution that can be exchanged for rewards  Other observation: satisfaction and enjoyment, attendance and promptness  Interest and attitude  Conformance to rules  Social interaction (coach/athlete) Improve individual skills 1. Target only a couple behaviours/skills/tasks and define/explain them in readily observable terms 2. State the contingencies/outcomes clearly 3. Monitor the t
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