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Lecture 12

Linguistics 1028A/B Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Sonorant, Front Vowel, Continuant

Course Code
LING 1028A/B
Stephanie Kelly

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Natural Classes Features, Phonemic Inventory
Features Review
What distinguished these phonemes of English: / t d; p b; k g/
/ t p k / [-voice]
/ d b g / [+voice]
And these: / m n ŋ /
And these: / t tʃ /
Both share [-voice]
t = [-continuant]
tʃ = [+continuant] (because it’s an affricate)
Distinctive Features
θ : ð [voice]
k : g [voice]
p : f [cont.]
ʌ : ə [reduced]
u : ʊ [tense]
s : θ [strident]
i : e [high]
e : ɛ [tense]
b : m [nasal]
u : o [high]
s : ʃ [anterior]
i : ɪ [tense]
Processes: Assimilation and More
Processes with which you may already be familiar with may be described as rules and features
Voicing assimilation (regressive)
Please [pl
̥], try [tɹ̥]
The feature of voicing can undergo assimilation
The group of sounds / p l t r / are produced voicelessly
It’s regressive because the assimilation taking place is voicing
The feature of voicing is shared between the two consonants
A voiced consonant is taking the voicing of the sound before it
E.g. / l r / are usually voiced, but they take on the voiceless sound of / p t / which come
before them
Nasal assimilation nasalization (progressive)
“I can’t”
The vowel is being nasalized
The vowel before a nasal takes on its nasal qualities
E.g. [a] takes on nasal qualities of [n]
Progressive because the vowel takes on a feature of the consonant after it
Place assimilation
in [ɪn ; ɪm], impossible, intolerable
The adding of a suffix to a word
A single morpheme -
ɪn followed by alveolar
ɪm followed by bilabial
The most basic unit of phonology
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