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Lecture

Media, Information and Technoculture 2200F/G Lecture Notes - Richard Stallman, Electronic Arts, The Pirate Bay


Department
Media, Information and Technoculture
Course Code
MIT 2200F/G
Professor
Kane Faucher

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MIT 1700 Lecture Week 11 continued March 22
Code Copyright
Bill Gates vs. Richard Stallman
-Idea of personal computer = new consumer market
-Ethical issues here
-If you spend so much time developing a program, you hope to be paid for it. Not really fair if people are
using it for free and you don’t want them to.
-But Stallman would say the noble thing to do would be to give it to the public for free.
-Computing should be free
-Stallman wrote GNU Manifesto in 1980’s
-Those who subscribed to GNU Open License can gain access to source code and modify the
contents of any program to make it adaptable to their needs.
-Is the Internet eroding boundaries to transform us into a new open global village, or just a
capitalism?
-Looked at one way, the Internet could be considered inherently democratic. Belief by optimists
that the source of the online revolution will emerge from the online community (already
happening in Libya)
-Are our governments monitoring our content?
-Belief that force of numbers and participation can not be stopped by anyone, no government or
corporations
Digital Rights Management
-Critics of this movement have named it Digital Restrictions Management
-Meant to protect content from theft, used to prevent you from using music, movies, etc, that is
considered proprietary.
-Sony and Microsoft are in favour of DRM to protect content.
-Are you copying the DVD to turn a quick buck or distribute it to your friends while cheating Sony of it’s
billion dollar profits? We can’t assume that we are all crooks, which is the basis of DRM.
-What if our computer dies, and along with that is the software we bought. DRM makes it really hard to
use this software on the new computer, we will probably have to purchase the product again
-Products come locked. It is encrypted; you can not copy it or distribute it the way you want, it’s not reallly
yours.
-Of the media and devices fitted with DRM Code: CDs, DVDs, Ebooks, Computer Operating Systems,
IPhones
-iPhones are locked to providers. You can’t choose whatever provider you want.
-Means that these big media industries want us to lock us out of making fair use of the stuff they sell,
extending copyright on them forever
-Measures for Pro DRM are kind of creepy
-Netflix: user agreement; you are authorizing the service of netflix to go through your hard drive
for all installed software, your comps online activity, and everything you have on your computer.
The service may notify EA Games that you downloaded the Sims for free, then you’d be in
trouble.
-whenever you buy an ebook on amazon, you can ONLY open it on a kindle, not another kind of
ereader.
-Everytime you purchase a DVD and want to copy it to another portable device, DRM may say
no.
-Makes it hard for you to access the content that you purchased in a different way
-DRM tries to control your access, distribution and usage rights
-authorization codes on software ensures that you can only use it
-when you install it automatically brings you to the internet to authenticate it.
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