Philosophy 1020 Lecture Notes - William Lane Craig, Kalam Cosmological Argument, Kalam

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27 Nov 2011
Department
Professor
Philosophy Reading #6
The Kalam Argument
22 September 2011
- William Lane Craig is a research professor of philosophy
- He is the author of several works including the Kalam Cosmological Argument
- the kalam argument refers to a version of the cosmological argument
- kalam means “argument” in Arabic
Defence of the Kalam Argument:
- the argument shows that the universe had a beginning
- anything that begins to exist must have a cause that brings it into being
i) Whatever Brings to Exist has a Cause
ii) The Universe Began to Exist
iii) Therefore, the universe has a cause
i ) Whatever Brings to Exist has a Cause:
J.L. Mackie who refuses the argument:
- if God began to exist at a point in time, this this is as great a puzzle as the beginning of
the universe
- or if God existed for infinite time, then the same arguments would apply to his
existence as would apply to the infinite duration of the universe
- if it be said that God is timeless, then this is a complete mystery
- doesn’t refuse the cause
- nothing can come into being without a cause
- before creation, there was no time
- time is undifferentiated, and is incompatible with Kalam argument that infinite regress
of events can’t exist
i) Philosophical argument:
Argument from the impossibility of an actually infinite number of things.
- it can’t exist because it would involve all sorts of absurdities
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