Political Science 1020E Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Cosmopolitanism, Wilt Chamberlain

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Rawls: principles we would agree to if we didn"t know the results of the natural and social lotteries. Nozick: respecting self-ownership rights and private property rights, thereby limiting state interference. Three ways to legitimately come to own things. Initial acquisition: voluntary transfer, rectification of injustice. His view of justice is historical, not end-state. Reject patterned principles like need, ability, or desert. All steps from d1 to d2 are voluntary (freely giving money to wilt) Rawls: it is morally arbitrary that we possess particular talents (intelligence, strength), so it is unfair to let luck determine life prospects. Swift: we own ourselves fully (e. g. , our body parts) but we don"t own the things we produce in the same way. Rawls: talents, upbringing, class, market demand determine market outcomes; all of these are a matter of luck. Three views about desert (rawls and nozick think all of these are false)

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