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gay liberation, aboriginal people, animal liberation and green ideology.docx

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

Nov 27, 2012 Liberation (con’t), Greens  Gay liberation  Aboriginal peoples  Animal liberation  Green ideology Gay Liberation Ancient Greeks versus Monotheismn  Tolerance of homosexuality throughout history is something to keep in mind  Jews, Christians, and Muslims all criticize homosexuality, Jews think it is punishable by death  This lead to persecution, burning, imprisonment  Why fear homosexuality? Gays as an identity group  This is a new social movement and identity group  This community now has its own history, its own literature  Gay people coming out of the closet is not an economic issue it’s an identity issue, there should be formal recognition and respect. Overcoming legal discrimination  Employment, housing, medical care  Homosexuality was viewed as a mental disease until 1975  It is legal in 120 countries around the world and illegal in at least 80, around 7 countries that still have a death policy  In Canada gay marriage has been legal since 2005 Overcoming homophobia  Liberal: Equal opportunity  Not a lot of gay athletes come out, huge movement for athletes not to be judged  Why not take a who cares attitude  Not about overcoming the law but overcoming homophobia Aboriginal Peoples: 1 Distinct nations  Community of belief that’s extended in history, that share a common territory  ‘first nations’ have a claim, other than those who came later History of conquest and occupation  The wiping out of entire groups of people due to conquest and occupation by the Europeans  State run by foreigners incorporated by violence, treaty or both  Aboriginal cultures demeaned by European settlers Overcome domination and restore pride and dignity  Overcome domination by the Europeans and recover their identity, restore their pride and dignity. Aboriginal People: 2 Maintain traditional ways of life Land claims, treaty rights  As a national liberation movement aboriginals want political power, they want their land back and be able to enforce their rights like fishing rights  Once the government signs a treaty with them they have to hold up their part and cannot ignore it Powers of self-government  They should have a right to govern themselves, and have control over their land  Recognition for their national status and collective autonomy  Seeking treaty federalism, sovereignty doesn’t rest in one place, honour old treaties and create new treaties  Canada is criticised by its treatment of aboriginals by the UN  UN declaration of the rights of indigenous people passed in 2007 emphasizes that rights of indigenous peoples, the government of Canada did not initially support this declaration and did endorse it eventually in 2010  address concerns such as land claims, human rights protection, etc.  This is another liberation movement in its early stages Human Treatment of Animals Using animals  Many different uses of animals such as food, pet, sport, etc.  History of using them to satidfy our wants The traditional view  Animals were made for our use and we can treat them the way we want  There are exceptions for Buddhists that all animal killing is ruled out  No limits on what you can do to an animal – St. Thomas, charity does not extend to irrational creatures  He who is cruel to animals becomes cruel in his dealings with men Why disregard non-human animals
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