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Lecture 15

Political Science 1020E Lecture 15: Political Science – March 2

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Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

Political Science – March 2, 2017 Interest Groups and Social Movements: Lecture 15 Defining Interest Groups  Aim to influence, not to become, the government o Not running in elections, rather trying to shape the policies of political parties  Like Parties, interest groups emerge alongside representative government  Add modern mass society – cleavages: o Class, ethnicity, region, religion and more Different Types of Interest Groups  Communal Groups – embedded, not detached o Embedded identities are identities that you are born into (race and class), can sometimes leave them but cannot escape them entirely o Detached identities are those we grow into, ones we acquire, nonessential identities that we assume as we grow  Institutional Groups – parts of the government o Develop interests in the government, if there are military members of the government, they tend to favour the support for funding for the military  Associational Groups: o Voluntarily chosen, considered based on detached identities o “A complex web of competing interests”  Sectional Groups: o Represent the narrow, material interests of that groups interests o Not focusing on the broader world, aims to advance itself  Promotional Groups o Built to advance an environmental or social agenda that are not always run by those impacted o National Organization for Women, World Wildlife Fund Targets of Interest Groups  Groups try to influence: bureaucracy, legislatures, courts (amicus curiae), parties and the media (changing the way people view the world to support the influenced parties) Four Major Models of Group Politics Republican Model:  Rousseau: organized interests degrade general interest  French Revolution: o Cleared away established interests o Banned independent workers’ association o Republic as ‘One and Indivisible’ Pluralist Model  De Tocqueville: modern democracy is best grounded on interests and associations th  Early 20 -Century American political science embraced pluralism  Model Depends on: o Interests will easily form into groups o Competition within these g
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