Class Notes (806,977)
Canada (492,550)

Polisci 1020E: Liberty Part I.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

Liberty, Part I JOHN STUART MILL  utilitarian o appeals to utility in defending free will  wrote On Liberty o “the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual” o mentioned the need to restrict both state and society (public opinion) in their ability to shape conduct Stages of Liberty  history of relations between individuals and authority  throughout history, the meanings of liberty and tyranny have changed  4 stages of social development: 1. Contest Between Subjects and Government  pre-democratic  presumes that the two sides are antagonistic In this case, liberty means protection of society against tyranny of political rulers.  protection = political rights, constitutional checks 2. Development of Democratic Government In this case, liberty means popular self-rule.  rulers are the ruled, so (it was thought) there was no need to limit government power 3. Recognition that Political Majority can be Tyrannical over Political Minority In this case, liberty means a democratic government with protection for minorities.  bill of basic rights 4. Threat of Social Tyranny: Tyranny of Prevailing Opinion and Feeling  oppressive, soul-enslaving customs and prejudices (popular opinion) In this case, liberty means individual spontaneity. Mill’s Question: When is it legitimate to interfere in peoples’ lives?  rejects appeals to custom, tradition, or popular morality  seeks a principled answer The Liberty Principle: The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others.  should be free to do whatever you want unless you are harming someone else  society can never coerce individuals for their own good Mill’s Radical Principle: A person’s freedom to act may be limite
More Less

Related notes for Political Science 1020E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.