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Jones' Lecture Oct. 25, 2011

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

Lecture: Ideology Oct. 25 ,h 2011.  Responses to Rawls: Kymlicka and Nozick (cont’d)  Ideology and ideologies  Ball & Dagger read pgs. 45-64 Rawls’ theory says that justice requires a distribution of resources that: - is to the greatest benefit of the least advantaged Will Kymlicka’s Two Objections - Rawls is correct to accept the choice-circumstance distinction, so… 1. compensate for natural disadvantage 2. don’t subsidize choices Robert Nozick (1938-2002) Nozick’s Entitlement Theory - distribution need not fit a pattern - patterns: need, ability, desert - Nozick: historical and unpatterned The Wilt Chamberlain Argument - distribution D1 is just - all steps from D1 to D2 are voluntary - therefore, D2 is just - liberty upsets patterns Nozick vs. Rawls - difference principle is a patterned principle - free exchanges will create a new distribution - difference principle will require interference in people’s lives Taxation - Rawls: taxes on wealth need not be invasive - Nozick: taxation is on a par with forced labour - Rawls: redistribution can increase the freedom of the poor Assessment of Nozick - correctly emphasizes the value of making our own choices - but fails to deal fairly with unequal circumstances - Wilt lacks absolute property rights EXAM NEW MATERIAL: Thinking Determines Action - 9/11: why? Part of the explanation is radical Islam - occupy Wall Street protests: why? Part of the explanatio
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