EXAM: 7 Thinkers for Question 2:
• Adourno and Jorkimer
Recommended studying ideas:
• Reread notes, slides, etc.
• Select three thinkers from above and focus on them. Reread the readings.
What does it mean that gender is performative?
Butler looks at gender trouble, and how in Western discourse, the woman is always the
secondary “other”. In much of feminist discourse, the term woman is presupposed to be a
universal category, excluding differences among women themselves –differences of race,
class, sexuality, etc. This leads to the idea of academics or upperclass elite feminists,
speaking on behalf of women in subSaharan Africa when they have no place to do so. In
both cases, this category of woman is assumed to be something natural and biological –
selfevident; the way things are supposed to be. We are supposed to reject this.
One of the major implications of her position, is that if she is right, if there is no central
concept, can we still have feminism or the feminist movement? If there is no single
(unitary concept of) woman, there can be no concept of woman.
A gender then provides a set of signs that internalize things psychologically imposed on
the body. Gender is like a f