Psychology 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Sigmund Freud, Radical Behaviorism

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2 Aug 2016
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WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY SEPT.15,2015
1
What is psychology?
Explanations of behavior
Schools of psychology
Pioneers
Next time= history and methods
Scan= Finish Chapter 1
Strategies for psych 1000 Sept. 29 5:30-6:30 UCC
The official psych 1000 facebook group
Lecture questions: Todaysmeet.com/Psych1000
What are the different approaches of psychology?
What do psychologists do?
Who were the pioneers of psychology?
Psychology?
Long past, but short history- E.G. Boring
The scientific study of behavior and the mind (page 2)
Explanations of behavior
All three levels can influence each other
Biological factors
Ex. Neural, hormonal
Individual and psychological factors
Ex. Learning, cognitive processes
What have they learnt over their life?
Past experiences
Cultural and environmental factors
Ex. value system
High noise level= high aggression level
Schools of psychology
Functionalism
-Focus on the function or significance of behavior
-How does a behavior (or mental process) help us to adapt
-Primarily biological
ex. Psychobiology (Neuroscience)
Ethology (Study of animals in the wild, behavior in natural setting)
Psychodynamic
-Focus on unconscious experience….the ‘mind’
-Look for unresolved conflict
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-Importance of personality
-Sigmund Freud
Examples
-Brief Psychodynamic therapy
-Unconscious processing ( can you respond to things that you are unaware of?)
Behaviorism
-Focus on behavior (forget the mind)
-Discuss how behavior changes under various conditions
-Primarily environmental
-Reaction to psychodynamic approach
-AKA radical behaviorism
-Interested in factors that influence behavior
Modern example
-Learning theories
-Behavior modification (way of treating, often used for phobias)
Gestalt tradition
-The whole is greater than the sum of the parts
-focus on perception and experience
-Look at how people think and remember
-Consider everything in context
-Both biological and environmental
Modern example
-Cognition (how people think, memory)
-Information processing
Humanistic Tradition
-Reaction to Freud (don’t believe in the unconscious)
-Focus on values and choice
-Help people fulfill potential
-Both biological and environmental
Modern example
-Carl Rogers’ therapy
-Client centered approach
-The ‘self’
-how you see yourself, is it positive or negative?
Biological tradition
-Focus on neural and chemical basis of behavior
-Mostly looks at nervous system
-Mind is constructed by the brain
-Biological (and environmental)
Modern example
-Neuroscience
-Brain imaging
Sociocultural Tradition
-Humans embedded in culture
-Norms, group process
-Environmental
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