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Second Lecture of Psych 2035

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Psychology 2035A/B
Doug Hazlewood

September 17, 2012 Perspectives on Personality Psychodynamic and Trait -individual differences between people tend to be stable over time and consistent throughout situations -Personality: individual differences that are stable over time and consistent across situations Q: where do these stable and consistent individual differences come from? The Origins of Personality -4 different perspectives: psychodynamic, behavior, humanistic, biological, trait perspective PART ONE: **one of the most influential and controversial perspectives** A) Freud’s Psychodynamic Perspective -he was never trained as a psychologist yet trained as a medical doctor specialized in neurology -Hysteria: Unusual symptoms (but no physical basis). Ex. Glove anesthesia (loses all feeling in hand from wrist down as if the glove was preventing sensation in the hand) -near all patients with hysteria reported having sexual experiences with an adult when they were very young, memories too inconsistent, fantasies? He would not believe them -Why would they report them if the experience hadn‟t occurred? Reporting experiences they WISHED had occurred instead. -While working with them, when encouraged to talk about them “free associate”, the hysterical symptoms suddenly vanished. Know as the TALKING CURE. -Why was talking effective? B) The Topology of the Mind: conscious mind and unconscious mind -the conscious mind: everything we are aware of at a given moment -the (motivated) unconscious mind: wishes, desires, impulses that are beyond conscious awareness -conscious mind only plays tiny part compared to unconscious mind -unconscious mind is motivated: material kept there because they are threatening or upsetting (unacceptable “sexual” or “aggressive” content) -by probing the unconscious (with free association) he could make the unconscious conscious (and cure his patients) “A case of obsessive thinking” = suffering from reoccurring thought „If I have sexual intercourse, my niece will die‟. -Linked to a number of unconscious thoughts – Ill think of being married > Ill remember that my fiancée cant have children > Ill become jealous of my sister who can have children > Ill be angry with her for having a child > Ill resent my niece > Ill wish my niece was ill >> therefore linked to the conscious thought my niece will die. -when all these thoughts came to the surface the obsessive thought was gone C) Freud proposed that the mind can always be divided into three structures: 1) The ID = Chaos, cauldron of excitations, entirely unconscious, reflects all instinctive needs (food, sleep). The basic instinct: EROS (the life instinct) = unconscious instinct to survive and reproduce. Eros produces “psychic energy” (Libido) which must be released. Libidinal energy = erotic energy. No contact with reality. Very irrational. ID operates according to the Pleasure Principle (seeks immediate gratification of needs and desires). Also engages in Primary Process Thinking (fantasies that satisfy needs). If cant satisfy need (food) then ID will fantasize about food. 2) The Ego = Operates at conscious and unconscious level. Extension of the ID. Operates according to the Reality Principle (tries to satisfy the ID, but is sensitive to the needs of the real world; willing to delay gratification of the ID‟s needs). Engages in Secondary Process Thinking (develops realistic plans to satisfy needs). 3) The Superego = Reflects the moral component of the person (right and wrong). Both conscious and unconscious like the ego, but tends to be irrational like the ID. Develops young around 3 years old, but immature conception of what‟s right and wrong DO‟S and DON‟TS. Produces guilt when rules are broken. -these three structures don‟t operate separately, they are constantly interacting (negotiate how libidinal energy will be used) -Ego has the toughest job (must control ID and Superego) D) How the Ego stays in control: 1. Anxiety signals loss of control -threats from ID > neurotic anxiety -threats from Superego > moral anxiety 2. De
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