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Ch 7: 3 Neo-Freudians

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Psychology 2550A/B
Stephen Erdle

Chapter 7 Three NeoFreudians y Focused more on society culture and the familythought that they influenced personality more than Freuds ideas didHarry Sullivan 18921949 y Instead of working with neurotic patients dealt with more psychotic patients mainly young male schizophrenicsy Developing interpersonal theory focused on socialinterpersonal interactions more than instinctsthought that the important influences on the person were interpersonal socialStructure y Needsdivided into 2 categories said they were tied together and they interact o Satisfactions o Security needs y Tensionvaries in the individuallow when in very deep sleep to high physicallypsychologically threatened o Said that we developed a selfsystem to reduce tension ex for infant self system would be the need to reduce hunger y Dynamismthe basic unit of psychology o Transformation of physical energy from eating etc into psychological processeso Suggested that we have selfdynamismAllows us to protect the self from anxiety and tension2 ways to get rid of conflict in the system y Selective inattentionnot paying attention to certain threats y Dissociationdenial y Cognitive modesways of thinking oSuggested there are 3 ways of thinking that develop in this order 1 Prototaxicstream of sensations in the conscious mind what the infant has 2 Parataxicmaking associations between thingseventsex mother comingfood childhoodincorrect associations create superstitionstereotyping3 Syntaxiclogical thinking of the adultmiddle childhood y Personifications o Based on your experience with othersprimarily your mother first person you interact with o We develop interpersonal personificationsGoodme idealized selfBadme things you do that you are punished for o Starts to learn what is valued and what is punished through mothers interactions o Thought that they were conscious not unconscious like Freud thought o Thought they were associated with goodmother and badmothery Communication o2 typesVerbal y Everyday communicationEmotional empathynonverbal communicationy Infants first learn emotional communication with their mother y Severe psychotics had to be engaged with nonverbal communication as well because they cant verbalize their problems
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