Psychology 1000 September 17 , 2013
What is Psychology?
Long past, but a short history -> E.G. Boring
Started in 1879 in Germany
Explanations of Behaviour
Three primary ways -> all interact with one another, each level could influence another.
Behaviour can be explained from any level, each of them explains behaviour from three
o Cultural and Environmental factors
Example value system
What beliefs does the person have? Where were they raised, or where did they
o Individual and psychological factors
Example learning, cognitive processes
Looking at past learning history, and experiences. Did they learn through the
media or books? How did they interpret different materials?
o Biological factors
Example neural, hormonal
Looking at how brain and nervous system actually function, biology of human
Psychology: the scientific study of behaviour and the mind, everything you think, do or say.
Schools of Psychology
o Focus on the function or significance of behaviour
o How does a behaviour(or mental process) help us to adapt
o Primarily biological, but can also be environmental
o Modern Examples: psychobiology, neuroscience and ethology (animal behaviour)
Psychodynamic Approach (Freud)
o Focus on unconscious experience…the “mind”
o Look for unresolved conflict-> thought that this had a lot to do with how you developed
o Importance of personality
o Modern Examples: