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Western University
Psychology 1000

Psych 1000 – Tuesday January 14 , 2014 Thinking and Problem Solving • Language Learning • Heuristic Processing • Problem Solving • How do infants acquire language? • What is thought? • What shortcuts do people use when problem solving? Next time: Intelligence Video: the story of Genie Language • Properties • Syntax • Humor • Surface vs. deep structure • Sensitivity to foreign constrats drop as infant approaches 12 months that suggests: • Infants are hard-wired for language acquisition The one-work speaker: • 5-8 months of age infants can respond to parents’ words • Talking begins around 10-12 months • Early vocabulary is very simple o Mama, duck, hi, peekaboo, hot, big #1 word is NO • Vocabulary is likely to contain objects that infant can manipulate (ex: ball more likely than ceiling. Since they are able to pick it up and are able to play with the ball) Note: difficult to tell what kids mean when they use a single word. They tend to under generalize. (Tend to generalize words like dog, and not able to put concepts together) The two-word Speaker • Telegraphic speech • Starts around 2 years old • Vocabulary ~ several hundred words • Ex: “throw ball” “give milk” • Speech shows proper organization (they say “throw ball” not “ball throw”) • By 2.5 years old child moves beyond 2 words, and sentences become more complex. Start searching for rules for generalization. • 4 or 5 year olds make mistakes in tense (ex: I runned to the store, instead of I ran to the store) • Now the child over generalizes rules, but formal schooling takes over. Nature vs. Nurture • So far, it seems as if the brain is hard-wired for language • Will language just develop on its own? (ex: Genie) Example: A.
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