Class Notes (807,001)
Canada (492,560)
Sociology (3,130)

5. Socialization -Oct 29.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Western University
Sociology 1021E
Secil Erdogan

th Socialization- October 29 Nature vs. Nurture: famous on going debate We learn from our parents then reflect what we learn, and think about Humans are compressed by sociological and biological components, they work together, cannot understand humans if you Nature: biological side of humans hormones, genes, instincts Nurture: culture and sociological aspect of human beings, social part that we get through culture and socialization (how we install soft wear into us) Socialization: is the process through which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a society and learn to function as its members. Life long process, but begins at a young age Role: is behavior expected of a person occupying a particular position in society Two twins talking: begins very young age Interact with others Take turns Learning how to express their feelings Genie:  Spent childhood locked in a bedroom  Uncivilized, no sense of communication  13 year old seemed as an infant  Raised in isolation  Kept in a hospital to learn the basics of socialization (language abilities)  Able to speak up to a three year olds standards, couldn’t structure sentences  Genie is the importance of Nurture Wild Boy: grew up in the wild Without Nurture Consequences of children raised in social isolation:  Rarely develop normally  Are unable to form intimate social relationships with others  Acquire only most basic language skills  Are disinterested in games Rene Spitz Study (what happens with children raised with minimal human contact, compared to those raised with ample human contact?) Children in orphanage with minimal human contact:  Less demanding for attention  More susceptible to infections  Slower development  Higher death rate  Possibility of impaired sexual functioning upon maturity Formation of the self The self: Consists of your ideas and attitudes about who you are Formation of a sense of self begins in childhood and continues in adolescence “Life isn’t about finding yourself. It is about creating yourself” In time we realize that significant others, parents, to find out who you are. Society takes a big effect to find out your role and who you are. Being part of the social life Theories: Freud- 3 parts Id: Part of self that demands immediate gratification, wants what it needs (baby wants food, cries) basic needs need to be met Ego: Part of self that considers “reality”, happens in the first 3 years, interaction occurs with the world, evil develops. Have to find the balance. Superego: “Moral” part of self that acts as repository of cultural standards (develops because of many lessons of self-control taught to children; e.g. toilet training)  Freud says that Ego is the strongest part, it is the balance between the Id and Superego. Tries to satisfy the needs. Ego Balances conflicting needs of pleasure- seeking id and retraining superego Superego Id Demands immediate gratification Respitory of cultural standards Cooley “Looking glass self”  When we interact with others, they gesture and react to us; this reaction allows us to imagine how we appear to them  We then judge how others evaluate us  From these judgments, we develop a self-concept or set of feelings and ideas about “who we are” Mead’s theory of the self Self= (ac
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 1021E

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.