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Lecture 9

Lecture 9.doc

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Sociology 2259
Pamela Cushing

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Lecture 9 For Other Theories: Deviance  Control -- Deviance causes agents of social control to react For Labelling Theory: Control  Deviance – People get categorized by agents of social control Social Reaction to an individual will produce deviance… - Labelling has to do with societal reaction to particular behaviour, and the subsequent reaction of the labelee to the label o Our actions influence the future events for the labelled o And the outcome of the people who are labelled - Labelling someone or some behaviour as deviant is a process involving interpretation, meaning, and the attribution of deviance o All of these characteristics influence future actions and events o It can make things go from bad to worse o Attribution of deviance is giving someone characteristics based on their label  Ex. yeah look at that fucking hipster  he must love fleet foxes - Everything is based on social meaning o Provides everyone with basis for how to treat others - Deviance from this perspective is a social construction History to Labelling Theory - Foundation: symbolic interactionism - Charles Horton Cooley: The Looking Glass Self o We imagine how we appear to otherss  Yeah I look jacked or  God damn I’m ugly o We look at how others judge our appearance  Yeah everyone can see how much I lift or  Look at how people get sick looking at me o We develop feelings of shame or pride based on these  I’m fucking awesome because I’m huge or  I’m an awful ugly loser - George Herbert Mead : our social self is developed through the interaction between the I and the me - This is based on the notion that we are able to see ourselves as both SUBJECT and OBJECT The “I” and the “Me” - When we initiate the social action – the self operates as a subject (“I”) - When we take the role of the other – the self operates as an object (“Me”) o In thought we become objects to ourselves  We imagine how other’s will respond to our ideas o This is why some people are shy  wondering how some people will respond to your ideas o Therefore, even when you’re alone you still have the notion of the self as an object “me” - You can see the idea of the looking glass here  your public persona - Have only one “I” but you can have many “Me’s” o “I” is present at birth but the various public personas you create develop throughout life o They come from socialization Mead: 4 Stages of Socialization 1. Imitation • Just copying what their parents do etc. waving and such 2. Pretend • Acting like you’re an older person ex. playing house 3. Game • Learn the roles of everyone else, so that people can work together. I imagine this is like basic empathy. Learning the “rules” hah get it? 4. The Generalized Other • When a child is able to understand the role of looking at yourself in terms of culture and the larger picture of society and how they apply to you Tannenbaum, “The Dramatization of evil” - A community cannot deal with people it cannot define - Labelling creates “kinds of people” which we then expect to behave in the manner imputed to them - Creates categories of people - People who are caught and who are treated like deviants end up going on to have long-term deviant behaviour o It enforces it probably because people are labelled as a criminal Howard Becker, Outsiders (some book he wrote) - Coined the term moral entrepreneur - “Social groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction constitutes deviance. Deviance is not a quality of the act, but a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender.” - You become an outsider once you have been labelled with a deviant master status Edwin Lemert, “Primary and Secondary Deviation” - Primary deviation: having been accused of having committed an “act” but not developing a deviant identity - Secondary deviation: internalizing the fact that you’re deviant o Thinking of
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