Sociology Lecture Notes Term #2.docx

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 1020
1
Sociology Lecture Notes Term #2
1. Education
Education: the social institution through which society provides its members with
important knowledge
- It socializes its members with knowledge
- “Form follows function” – institutions develop according to economy
- Institutions of the school benefit the economic system you need reading, writing
skills and knowledge
- Type of schooling and education is based on economic system capitalism,
socialism
The Functions of Schooling
- Schools help with socialization
- Schooling is a means of social control (holding tank for young when labor options
are minimal)
- In Canada, integration of culturally diverse people in society
- Socio-economic status can improve
The Rise of Schooling
- Compulsory Education is new in Canada
- Original goal of education was social control control violence, deviance and
crime
- Old system - Parents are in factories, kids would be on the streets
- Schools were a mechanism to get kids off the street
- Bishop Strachan said, “The effective instruction of Upper Canadian children…
will result in the comparative emptying of jails”
- By 2000, almost 100% of 14-17 year olds were enrolled in school
- In 1890, roughly 5% of kids 14-17 were enrolled in school
Engagement and Achievement
Engagement: being psychologically committed to learning
- A research study by Cote and Alahar at UWO
o More and more students are physically there, but psychologically absent.
- Canada is 3rd in the World in reading and writing
- 22 of 28 in high schools for involvement
American High School Students‟ School Engagement
- Kids don‟t think what they are learning is important, but they do think the
credentials are important
Laurence Steinberg (***Need More Info)
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- Focused on what influences students
Beyond the Classroom (Steinberg)
- Beyond the classroom is a book written in 1993
- Lack of involvement and motivation
- Based on over 5 years of research conducted in over 9 different rural, urban and
suburban communities
Q: Why are students uninterested in school? (Steinberg)
- Students know that credentials are important, but don‟t want to learn
- Students believe that success in the labor force is in the number of years in school
Ethnic differences in attitudes toward school (Steinberg)
- Asian-American students perform on average better then white peers who in turn
out-perform black and Latino peers.
- Ethnic differences, based on consequences of failing in school
- Asian-Americans mostly believe that there will be negative consequences of
doing bad in school
- Other ethnicities were not as scared of consequences
- Black and Latino believed the least of any consequences
The Influence of Peers and American student Culture (Steinberg)
- Contemporary American society pulls teenagers away from schools toward social
and recreational pursuits.
- Peers pressure each other to do badly in school
- Stats:
o 1 in 5 students say that their friends will make fun of them if they do well
in school
o 50% of students say the never discuss schoolwork with friends
The Voice of Peer Pressure (Steinberg)
- Asian students have the same view that doing well in school is important
- They are not as interested in social and recreational life
- The opposite belief is true for Black and Latino students
Too Many Parents have “Checked Out”
- Key factor in academic success = parent involvement
- Only about 1/5 (20%) of high school parents in America consistently attend
school programs and more then 40% never do
Low Expectations
- 1/6 students say that their parents don‟t care about their marks
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- Parents don‟t care once they reach a certain age let them be individualistic and
have autonomy
- Parents step away too far
- More then 50% of students say they could bring home a C without their parents
getting mad
The Dangerous Lure of After School Employment
- After school employment causes students to do poorly in school
- It is one of the worst factors attracting youngsters from academics
- Students who work more than 20 hours/week are:
o Earning lower grades
o Spending less time on homework
o Cutting class more often
o Cheating more frequently
Positive Impacts on Engagement
- High demanding, high responsiveness has best effect on children in school
- Parents high expectations and high involvement
Peers, Friends and School
- In relation to school, the influence of friends is greater than that of parents in
some respects
- Friends who are involved and committed have a trickle over effect to their peers
Problems in the Schools
- Rate fairly constant over past 30 years
- Dropping out limits life changes in terms of what they can do
- Push out of high school bullying, getting into trouble
- Pull out of high school job opportunity or make money for family
- Aboriginals have highest drop out rates
Who drops out?
- Low socio-economic status has the highest drop out rate
- Fewer verbal skills from 4 years old, poor children have heard 14 million words,
while children from affluent families have her 45 million words
- Parents who are permissive, neglectful and have a high drop out rate
- Personality traits
o Immaturity
o Negativism and alienation
o Anxiety
- People who have poor peer relations or are being bullied
- Money needs can make someone drop out
- Being held back a grade makes you drop out
- Alienated powerless, meaningless feelings
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Document Summary

Education: the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge. Form follows function institutions develop according to economy. Institutions of the school benefit the economic system you need reading, writing skills and knowledge. Type of schooling and education is based on economic system capitalism, socialism. Schooling is a means of social control (holding tank for young when labor options are minimal) In canada, integration of culturally diverse people in society. Original goal of education was social control control violence, deviance and crime. Old system - parents are in factories, kids would be on the streets. Schools were a mechanism to get kids off the street. Bishop strachan said, the effective instruction of upper canadian children will result in the comparative emptying of jails . By 2000, almost 100% of 14-17 year olds were enrolled in school. In 1890, roughly 5% of kids 14-17 were enrolled in school.

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