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Job characteristics related to health.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 3308F/G
Professor
Kim Shuey
Semester
Winter

Description
Job characteristics related to health o Demand and control, effort reward imbalance  o Job complexity o Coworker support o Management behaviour o Work hours/work intensity   Longer work hours  • Evidence of increased work hours and decreased leisure  • Since 1980’s: increase in daily, weekly, and annual hours for  many workers in full­time jobs.  • Long hours can be harmful to both physical and mental  health  • Long hours can be related to more job stress and higher  levels of burn out o Shift work   Different kind of shift work, i.e rotated shift work(one week nights,  one week days), fixed shift work (always on nights)   Fatigue  Disease • GI  disorders   Diet • Limited things are open at night  Accidents  Family and social life, social support • Working at different hours than your family  o Self­employment   On the rise, including women   Rate increases with age  Higher levels of education   Advantages? • Able to set your own schedule  • Work is more meaningful • Can design the product and task   Disadvantages? • Fear of failure  • Job insecurity  - Job stress and burnout in IT o Information technology = key industry in new economy  o Stress and burnout considered normal o 52% said work led to anxiety o 19% said work affected sleep o 37% said work affects fatugye o 38% said work had negative effect on health  o Pace of work and work overload  Long hours 
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