Class Notes (838,093)
Canada (510,678)
Sociology (3,260)
Kim Shuey (13)

Paid Work and Health

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Sociology 3308F/G
Kim Shuey

Paid work and health Statistically: Canadians  75% employed in service sector - Historically, fewer workers today are full-time o Around 80% of all employment o PT growing faster than FT o Around 16% self-employed, increasing o Around 7% unemployed - 66% households: both partners employed Occupational health and safety: - Poor employment conditions for health include: o Dirty, dangerous, harmful exposure o High levels of stress due to :  Pace, demands, repetition  Abuse of power by supervisors or coworkers  Conflict with home and community responsibilities - Hazards on the job: physical, chemical, biological, psychological Workplace Hazards - Physical o Things in blue collars jobs, cuts bruises, falls, just being sedentary - Chemical o Cleaning products, hair stylists, farming (pesticides) heavy metals with manufacturing - Biological o Needle pricks, janitor in the hospital - Psychological o Workplace bulling  physical bulling, cyber, exclusion - Hazards vary by the type of job o Blue collar work: physical/chemical/biological o White collar: physical  repetitive motion, injury and violence o Psychological hazards found in both types of work - Gender differences in exposure o Most likely:  Men: accidents  Women: chronic health problems, job stress o But both genders experience both types of hazards - Age o Physical injury men < age 30 (its typical with young men) - Hazards change over time o Changing nature of work  Rise in the proportion of jobs that are based on technology  Decrease in factory and mining etc.  Been able to replace humans in place with machines for dangerous positions (jobs) Workplace injuries - Time-loss injury o Injury resulting in compensation for lower wages due to time off work or permanent disability - Occupations with the most time-loss injuries o Truck driver o Nurses/nurses’ aides o Janitors o Stock handlers o Labourers o Cooks - Declining workplace injuries o Changing nature of jobs  Human level of risk is taken out by machines/robots o Reporting  Vulnerable group of workers generally won’t speak out on harmful situations, in fear of job loss.  Companies have incentives in place to try and avoid injuries o Better prevention  We know more about the chemicals and what not Occupational Disease - Difficult to determine prevalence of occupationally-related disease o Time between exposer and disease o Cause and effect o Lack of recognition:  Physicians, hard to establish connection.  Workers compensation boards Paid work and mental health/psychological distress
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