Class Notes (839,590)
Canada (511,419)
Sociology (3,307)
Lecture

lecture9

4 Pages
39 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
Sociology 3357F/G
Professor
Jordan Harel

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Lecture Nine ▯November 28, 2013 Prevention, Control and Public Perception Opportunity • WCC shaped by legal apparatus • Objectively­­lax laws, less regulation • Subjectively­­regulatory violation  ▯criminal offence Controls • Two types: o Legal controls/remedies:  From within legal systems  Criminal/civil/regulatory  Penalties o Extralegal  Not state sanctioned  Organizations  Internal self­control/values Legal remedies • Street crime­­criminal law • White collar crime two additional types: o Civil o Regulatory • Three approaches: differ in philosophy, sanctioning and legal standards Criminal justice system • Two objectives and functions: o Control o Prevention • White collar criminals no exception • Criminal law used to punish and convey message­­harmful, immoral and not to be  tolerated Criminal justice system and legal philosophy • Beccaria: social contract­­give up portion of freedom for peace, safety and protection  against harm • Violation of law contra to common interest • Punishment: both a need and responsibility Criminal justice system • Bentham: must be reasoned and fair, free from abuse • Safeguards in place to protect rights and freedoms • Instances: • Guilt: beyond reasonable doubt • Evidence: gathering and handling­­stringent rules • Legal rights: attorney, trial by jury • Guilty mind and intent: Mens Rea Criminal Justice System: Case Example • Gwendolyn Hemphill • Ex­Washington Teachers Union executive assistant • Accused of: o Embezzlement/conspiracy/mail fraud/wire fraud/false statements/money  laundering/theft • Sentence: o Seven years in prison o $5,000,000 to pay back • Government: actus reus (committed crime), mens rea) intentional/knowledge of law  breaking) • Ideal case: clear link between defendant and crimes (evidence, witnesses) • Appropriate punishment (based on Beccaria and Bentham) • One that provides deterrence­­general and specific Criminal justice system • Prosecution of corporate crime: difficult • One reason: who is responsible? • Decision making: fragmented, multiple people involved • In such a process­­claim ignorance to protect from being liable for potential crime or  wrongdoing • Accountability moves from individual to corporation • Recall, difficult to prosecute corporations • Thus, challenging them in criminal court is rare • Recent focus of US government: officers and managers • “Yet…criminal prosecution of individuals within corporations is uncommon, expensive  and often unsuccessful Civil law enforcement • Easier to employ than criminal prosecution • Evidence: lower standard • Preponderance vs. reasonable doubt • Punishment: economic vs. deprivation of freedom • Decrease freedom deprivation = d
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit